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Transcultural Differences in Risk Factors and in Triggering Reasons of Suicidal and Self-Harming Behaviour in Young People with and without a Migration Background

1
Outpatient Clinic of Transcultural Psychiatry and Migration Induced Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Postgraduate University Program Transcultural Medicine and Diversity Care, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
3
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
4
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6498; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186498
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 28 August 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 7 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suicidal Behavior as a Complex Dynamical System)
Minors with and without migration background can have different risk factors and triggering reasons for self-harming and suicidal behaviour. We retrospectively analysed the data of 192 children and adolescents to investigate the transcultural differences in self-harming, as well as suicidal behaviour in Austrian, Turkish, and Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (BCS)-speaking patients, who were treated in an emergency out-patient clinic in Vienna. Our results showed transcultural differences in both behaviours. In all groups, females had higher rates of suicide attempts and self-harming behaviour than males. While Turkish-speaking patients received treatment more often, after attempted suicide, Austrians and BCS-speaking patients needed treatment more often for acute stress disorder. Suicide attempts and self-harming behaviours were triggered most frequently by intrafamilial problems, but more frequently in migrant patients. Turkish-speaking patients were at a more than 2 times (OR = 2.21, 95%CI: 1.408–3.477) higher risk for suicide attempts, and were triggered almost 3 times (OR = 2.94, 95%CI: 1.632–5.304) more often by interfamilial conflicts. The suicide attempts of BCS-speaking minors were more often caused by relationship and separation crises (OR = 2.56, 95%CI: 1.148–5.705). These transcultural differences in suicidal and self-harming behaviour of minors, demand an increase of transcultural competence to provide optimal treatment of migrant children. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicide attempt; self-harming; emergency psychiatry; transcultural differences; migration background; risk factors; triggering reasons suicide attempt; self-harming; emergency psychiatry; transcultural differences; migration background; risk factors; triggering reasons
MDPI and ACS Style

Özlü-Erkilic, Z.; Wenzel, T.; Kothgassner, O.D.; Akkaya-Kalayci, T. Transcultural Differences in Risk Factors and in Triggering Reasons of Suicidal and Self-Harming Behaviour in Young People with and without a Migration Background. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6498.

AMA Style

Özlü-Erkilic Z, Wenzel T, Kothgassner OD, Akkaya-Kalayci T. Transcultural Differences in Risk Factors and in Triggering Reasons of Suicidal and Self-Harming Behaviour in Young People with and without a Migration Background. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6498.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Özlü-Erkilic, Zeliha; Wenzel, Thomas; Kothgassner, Oswald D.; Akkaya-Kalayci, Türkan. 2020. "Transcultural Differences in Risk Factors and in Triggering Reasons of Suicidal and Self-Harming Behaviour in Young People with and without a Migration Background" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 18: 6498.

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