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Article

Effect of a Combined Program of Strength and Dual Cognitive-Motor Tasks in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects

Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6397; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176397
Received: 27 July 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 1 September 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
This study investigated the effects of a 24-week combined training program (CTP) based on strength exercises and cognitive–motor tasks performed concurrently in participants with multiple sclerosis. A randomized, controlled intervention study was carried out. In total, 31 subjects with a confirmed diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (14 men and 17 women) were stratified and randomized into an intervention group (17 subjects) and a control group (14 subjects). The intervention group completed three weekly training sessions for 24 weeks, while the control group pursued their normal daily activities. In this program, cognitive–motor tasks were completed at once (dual tasking). A 3D photogrammetry connected to a selective attention system designed for dual tasking while walking was used. Ground reaction forces were measured using two force plates, one for sit-to-stand testing, while the other was used for static force measurement. Postural equilibrium was examined using a stabilometric plate based for Romberg test assessment. The 24-week training program for multiple sclerosis patients improved their static peak force by 11% (p < 0 .05), their rate of force development by 36% (p < 0.05), and their balance (p < 0.05). Performance in daily activities such as walking or sitting-to-standing improved significantly in multiple sclerosis participants. CTP training was effective in reducing the dual-task costs of step length (48%) and walking velocity (54%), as compared to a matched control group. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomechanics; force; balance; gait; dual tasking biomechanics; force; balance; gait; dual tasking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gutiérrez-Cruz, C.; Rojas-Ruiz, F.J.; De la Cruz-Márquez, J.C.; Gutiérrez-Dávila, M. Effect of a Combined Program of Strength and Dual Cognitive-Motor Tasks in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176397

AMA Style

Gutiérrez-Cruz C, Rojas-Ruiz FJ, De la Cruz-Márquez JC, Gutiérrez-Dávila M. Effect of a Combined Program of Strength and Dual Cognitive-Motor Tasks in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176397

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gutiérrez-Cruz, Carmen, F.Javier Rojas-Ruiz, Juan Carlos De la Cruz-Márquez, and Marcos Gutiérrez-Dávila. 2020. "Effect of a Combined Program of Strength and Dual Cognitive-Motor Tasks in Multiple Sclerosis Subjects" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6397. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176397

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