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Article

Determinants of the Lifestyle Changes during COVID-19 Pandemic in the Residents of Northern Italy

1
Obesity Unit—Laboratory of Nutrition and Obesity Research, Department of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, 20145 Milan, Italy
2
Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Biostatistic Unit, 20145 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Statistics and Quantitative Methods, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milan, Italy
4
Research laboratory of Preventive Medicine, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, 20122 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6287; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176287
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 28 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: The confinement recommended during COVID-19 pandemic could affect behavior and health. Methods: We conducted a self-reported survey in northern Italy to observe the lockdown effects on lifestyle changes and to assess their determinants. Prevalence Odds Ratio and Prevalence Risk Ratio were determined. Results: 490 adults (84% female) completed the survey: 13% and 43% reported improved and unchanged sleep quality, respectively, while 43% had insomnia symptoms. Among the 272 active subjects in pre-lockdown, 14% continued habitual exercising, 18% increased it and 68% reduced it; 27% of sedentary subjects started physical exercise; 34% reported an improvement in diet quality; 42% increased food intake and 13% decreased it; and 38% of the smokers increased cigarette consumption. Age and the pre-lockdown habit of regular physical exercising were the mainly determinants of lifestyle changes whereas BMI, gender, and the presence of chronic diseases did not. Living with other people increased the likelihood of increasing the food intake (p = 0.002). Conclusions: More than a third of people were able to positively reorganize their lives during the forced home confinement. It is worth to disseminate information to preserve a healthy lifestyle even when confined at home. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; lifestyle; food habits; diet; physical activity; sleep; smoking; survey; health COVID-19; lockdown; lifestyle; food habits; diet; physical activity; sleep; smoking; survey; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cancello, R.; Soranna, D.; Zambra, G.; Zambon, A.; Invitti, C. Determinants of the Lifestyle Changes during COVID-19 Pandemic in the Residents of Northern Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6287. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176287

AMA Style

Cancello R, Soranna D, Zambra G, Zambon A, Invitti C. Determinants of the Lifestyle Changes during COVID-19 Pandemic in the Residents of Northern Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6287. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176287

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cancello, Raffaella, Davide Soranna, Gaia Zambra, Antonella Zambon, and Cecilia Invitti. 2020. "Determinants of the Lifestyle Changes during COVID-19 Pandemic in the Residents of Northern Italy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6287. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176287

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