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Article

Exploration of Alcohol Consumption Behaviours and Health-Related Influencing Factors of Young Adults in the UK

1
School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AS, UK
2
Department of Cardiology, The Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust, Wolverhampton WV10 0QP, UK
3
Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7YH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6282; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176282
Received: 1 August 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 28 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Hazardous alcohol consumption is ranked above illicit drug use with regards to health deterioration and social and economic burden. This study sought to clarify the factors influencing alcohol consumption and its prevalence in young adults. Demographics, alcohol consumption and lifestyle information were gathered via anonymous questionnaires during 2011–2019, crossing Reading, Surrey and Farnborough universities, UK. Controlling for confounders, a multinomial logistic regression was performed using SAS® 9.4 software. A total of 1440 students (43.5% males, 56.5% females; 54.4% Caucasians) with a mean (SD) age of 19.9 (2.73) were included. Among them, 68.9% consumed alcohol frequently and 31.7% had ≥12 units/week. Statistical analysis revealed that males consumed twice more alcohol than females, odds ratio (OR) 1.67 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.34–2.09), p-value < 0.01. Caucasians consumed up to five times more alcohol than other ethnicities, OR 4.55 (3.57–5.56), p-value < 0.01. Smokers consumed three times more alcohol than non-smokers, OR 2.69 (1.82, 3.99), p-value < 0.01. In general, the levels of alcohol consumption were positively associated with the levels of physical activity, OR 2.00 (1.17–3.42), p-value < 0.05 and negatively associated with recreational sedentary screen-time activities in males, OR 0.31 (0.12–0.86), p-value = 0.03. Focusing alcohol interventions toward Caucasians, smokers and physically active students, particularly males, may guide university strategies to reduce alcohol-related societal harm and risks of morbidity and mortality. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcohol consumption; ethnicity; physical activity; screen-time; sedentariness; smoking; university students; young adults alcohol consumption; ethnicity; physical activity; screen-time; sedentariness; smoking; university students; young adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bhatti, S.N.; Fan, L.M.; Collins, A.; Li, J.-M. Exploration of Alcohol Consumption Behaviours and Health-Related Influencing Factors of Young Adults in the UK. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6282. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176282

AMA Style

Bhatti SN, Fan LM, Collins A, Li J-M. Exploration of Alcohol Consumption Behaviours and Health-Related Influencing Factors of Young Adults in the UK. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6282. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176282

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bhatti, Sunbal Naureen, Lampson M. Fan, Adam Collins, and Jian-Mei Li. 2020. "Exploration of Alcohol Consumption Behaviours and Health-Related Influencing Factors of Young Adults in the UK" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6282. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176282

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