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Article

Personality as a Resource for Labor Market Participation among Individuals with Chronic Health Conditions

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Community and Occupational Medicine, Department of Health Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
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Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion regulation (ICPE), Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, P.O. Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
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Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Groningen, Grote Kruisstraat 2/1, 9712 TS Groningen, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6240; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176240
Received: 17 July 2020 / Revised: 24 August 2020 / Accepted: 26 August 2020 / Published: 27 August 2020
Background: The link between personality traits and employment status in individuals with chronic health conditions (CHCs) is largely unexplored. In this study, we examined this association among 21,173 individuals with CHCs and whether this association differs between individuals suffering from a heart disease, depression, anxiety, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculoskeletal disease (MSD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: This study was conducted using baseline data from the Lifelines Cohort Study. Employment status and the presence of CHCs were determined by questionnaire data. The Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) was used to measure eight personality facet traits. We conducted disease-generic and disease-specific logistic regression analyses. Results: Workers with higher scores on self-consciousness (OR: 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01–1.02), impulsivity (1.03; 1.02–1.04), excitement seeking (1.02; 1.01–1.02), competence (1.08; 1.07–1.10) and self-discipline (1.04; 1.03–1.05) were more often employed. Adults with higher scores on anger-hostility (0.97; 0.97–0.98), vulnerability (0.98; 0.97–0.99), and deliberation (0.96; 0.95–0.97) were least often employed. Personality facets were associated strongest with employment status among individuals suffering from MSD and weakest in individuals with T2DM. Conclusions: Personality might be a key resource to continue working despite having a CHC. This may be relevant for the development of targeted personality-focused interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: personality; employment; chronic diseases; NEO-PI-R; work personality; employment; chronic diseases; NEO-PI-R; work
MDPI and ACS Style

Brouwer, S.; van Zon, S.K.R.; Bültmann, U.; Riese, H.; Jeronimus, B.F. Personality as a Resource for Labor Market Participation among Individuals with Chronic Health Conditions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176240

AMA Style

Brouwer S, van Zon SKR, Bültmann U, Riese H, Jeronimus BF. Personality as a Resource for Labor Market Participation among Individuals with Chronic Health Conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brouwer, Sandra, Sander K.R. van Zon, Ute Bültmann, Harriëtte Riese, and Bertus F. Jeronimus. 2020. "Personality as a Resource for Labor Market Participation among Individuals with Chronic Health Conditions" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176240

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