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Review

Are Barriers the Same Whether I Want to Start or Maintain Exercise? A Narrative Review on Healthy Older Adults

1
Centre de Recherches sur la Cognition et l’Apprentissage (UMR CNRS 7295), Université de Poitiers, 86000 Poitiers, France
2
Maison des Sciences de l’Homme et de la Société, USR CNRS 3565, Université de Poitiers, 86000 Poitiers, France
3
Université de Paris, EA 3625-Institut des Sciences du Sport-Santé de Paris (I3SP), 75015 Paris, France
4
Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société (URePSSS), ULR 7369, Univ. Artois, Univ. Lille, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, F-59000 Lille, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6247; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176247
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 15 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 27 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Exercise and Health)
To help older adults begin or adhere to regular physical exercise, several studies have endeavored to identify barriers to active behavior. However, there is a lack of information about barriers for active older people. In addition, most of the reviews of the literature compare only active people to inactive or sedentary people without examining in detail the barriers with respect to the degree of commitment to behavioral change. Finally, there is no consistency in the results of studies investigating the effects of barriers on the relationship between stages of change and exercise behavior. The first aim of this narrative review is to compare barriers that affect exercise stages of change from those that affect levels of exercise behavior in a healthy older population and the factors that can lead to relapse or dropout; the second aim is to identify the extent to which barriers hinder the relationships between stages of change and exercise behaviors. The results showed that barriers are well identified in sedentary people and in the first two stages of change (pre-contemplation and contemplation) compared to active seniors and other stages of change (preparation, action and maintenance). Consistency between the formulations of the different stages in comparison with the transtheoretical model and the definition of barriers and the limitations of measuring physical activity in the different studies are discussed. Finally, novel perspectives of research are proposed to address the flaws in the reviewed studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: barriers; older adults; exercise behavior; stages of change barriers; older adults; exercise behavior; stages of change
MDPI and ACS Style

André, N.; Agbangla, N.F. Are Barriers the Same Whether I Want to Start or Maintain Exercise? A Narrative Review on Healthy Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6247. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176247

AMA Style

André N, Agbangla NF. Are Barriers the Same Whether I Want to Start or Maintain Exercise? A Narrative Review on Healthy Older Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6247. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176247

Chicago/Turabian Style

André, Nathalie, and Nounagnon F. Agbangla. 2020. "Are Barriers the Same Whether I Want to Start or Maintain Exercise? A Narrative Review on Healthy Older Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6247. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176247

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