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Article

Empirical Relationships between Problematic Alcohol Use and a Problematic Use of Video Games, Social Media and the Internet and Their Associations to Mental Health in Adolescence

1
Department Psychology, Faculty of Life Sciences, MSH Medical School Hamburg, 20457 Hamburg, Germany
2
Department of Education, Chair for Pedagogy with a Focus on Media Education, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, 90478 Nuremberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(17), 6098; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176098
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 17 August 2020 / Accepted: 18 August 2020 / Published: 21 August 2020
Adolescents frequently show risky behavior, and these problematic behavior patterns often do not occur in isolation, but together. Problematic alcohol use is widespread among youth, as is problematic use of the Internet and of specific online applications (video games or social media). However, there is still a lack of findings for minors regarding the relations between these behavioral patterns (particularly between problematic alcohol use and problematic gaming or problematic social media use). Standardized instruments were used to survey problematic alcohol use, problematic gaming, problematic social media use, problematic Internet use and mental health among 633 adolescents (mean age: 15.79 years). Bivariate correlation and multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted. The correlation analyses showed statistically significant positive bivariate relationships between all four behavioral patterns each. Antisocial behavior was related to all problematic behavioral patterns. Whereas, emotional distress, self-esteem problems and hyperactivity/inattention were associated with substance-unrelated problematic behavior patterns only. Anger control problems were related to problematic alcohol use and problematic gaming. In adolescence, the findings revealed small effect sizes between substance-related and substance-unrelated problematic behavior patterns, but moderate to large effect sizes within substance-unrelated behavioral patterns. Similarities and differences were found in the relations between the behavioral patterns and mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Internet addiction; pathological Internet use; Internet gaming disorder; gaming disorder; social networking site addiction; social media addiction; Facebook addiction; problem drinking; alcohol; adolescent Internet addiction; pathological Internet use; Internet gaming disorder; gaming disorder; social networking site addiction; social media addiction; Facebook addiction; problem drinking; alcohol; adolescent
MDPI and ACS Style

Wartberg, L.; Kammerl, R. Empirical Relationships between Problematic Alcohol Use and a Problematic Use of Video Games, Social Media and the Internet and Their Associations to Mental Health in Adolescence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176098

AMA Style

Wartberg L, Kammerl R. Empirical Relationships between Problematic Alcohol Use and a Problematic Use of Video Games, Social Media and the Internet and Their Associations to Mental Health in Adolescence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(17):6098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wartberg, Lutz, and Rudolf Kammerl. 2020. "Empirical Relationships between Problematic Alcohol Use and a Problematic Use of Video Games, Social Media and the Internet and Their Associations to Mental Health in Adolescence" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 17: 6098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176098

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