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Article

Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and the Sense of Coherence—Their Role in Body Acceptance among Polish Adolescents

1
Department of Physical Activity and Health Promotion Science, Poznan University of Physical Education, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
2
Department of Didactics of Physical Activity, Poznan University of Physical Education, 61-871 Poznan, Poland
3
Institute of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum, University of Zielona Gora, 65-417 Zielona Gora, Poland
4
Department of Developmental Neurology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 60-355 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5791; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165791
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 2 August 2020 / Accepted: 4 August 2020 / Published: 10 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children and Youth)
The aim of the study was to investigate the protective role of physical activity (PA) and other health-related bio-psycho components (physical fitness, body composition, body perception and the sense of coherence (SOC)) in body acceptance. We searched for gender differences in those relationships. We investigated 231 adolescents aged 13–16 years from an urban area in Poland. We conducted objective measurements of height, weight, fat% and relative value of minute oxygen consumption. Questionnaires for PA, SOC Body Figure Perception and body acceptance were applied. Linear regression was used for analyzing determinants of body acceptance. We found that more physically active girls reported a less slim ideal vision of their figure (p < 0.05). Physical fitness is a better predictor of body acceptance than physical activity. In the final model, the sense of coherence, body mass index (BMI), and gender (being a boy) were also predictors of body acceptance (F(6,92) = 13.084, p < 0.0001). Gender differences were discussed in the present study. Fitness enhancing physical activity should be recommended for adolescents to achieve the protective psychosocial effect especially among girls. Physical activity on a daily basis brings positive results in a more adequate and reasonable body assessment and it can play a protective role in terms of mental wellbeing. Body satisfaction varies between genders and it is a more sensitive issue among girls than boys during adolescence. View Full-Text
Keywords: body image; sense of coherence; physical activity; cardiorespiratory fitness; adolescents; body perception; body satisfaction body image; sense of coherence; physical activity; cardiorespiratory fitness; adolescents; body perception; body satisfaction
MDPI and ACS Style

Laudańska-Krzemińska, I.; Krzysztoszek, J.; Naczk, M.; Gajewska, E. Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and the Sense of Coherence—Their Role in Body Acceptance among Polish Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5791. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165791

AMA Style

Laudańska-Krzemińska I, Krzysztoszek J, Naczk M, Gajewska E. Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and the Sense of Coherence—Their Role in Body Acceptance among Polish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5791. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165791

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laudańska-Krzemińska, Ida, Jana Krzysztoszek, Mariusz Naczk, and Ewa Gajewska. 2020. "Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and the Sense of Coherence—Their Role in Body Acceptance among Polish Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 16: 5791. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165791

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