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Open AccessArticle

A Look Behind the Scenes at COVID-19: National Strategies of Infection Control and Their Impact on Mortality

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College of Pharmacy and Health Science, Department of Clinical Sciences, Ajman University, PO Box 346 Ajman, UAE
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College of Pharmacy and Health Science, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ajman University, PO Box 346 Ajman, UAE
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Advanced Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5616; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155616
Received: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19: Prevention, Diagnosis, Therapy and Follow Up)
(1) Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) began spreading across the globe in December and, as of 9 July 2020, had inflicted more than 550,000 deaths. Public health measures implemented to control the outbreak caused socio-economic havoc in many countries. The pandemic highlighted the quality of health care systems, responses of policymakers in harmony with the population, and socio-economic resilience factors. We suggest that different national strategies had an impact on mortality and case count. (2) Methods: We collected fatality data for 17 countries until 2 June 2020 from public data and associated these with implemented containment measures. (3) Results: The outcomes present the effectiveness of control mechanisms in mitigating the virus for selected countries and the UAE as a special case. Pre-existing conditions defined the needed public health strategies and fatality numbers. Other pre-existing conditions, such as temperature, humidity, median age, and low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations played minor roles and may have had no direct impact on fatality rates. (4) Conclusions: Prevention, fast containment, adequate public health strategies, and importance of indoor environments were determining factors in mitigating the pandemic. Development of public health strategies adapted to pre-existing conditions for each country and community compliance with implemented policies ensure the successful control of pandemics. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; human coronavirus; pre-existing conditions; public health strategy; prevention; containment; control measures; vitamin D; droplets; indoor and outdoor climate; post-lockdown period; recommendations; UAE; India COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; human coronavirus; pre-existing conditions; public health strategy; prevention; containment; control measures; vitamin D; droplets; indoor and outdoor climate; post-lockdown period; recommendations; UAE; India
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Haj Bloukh, S.; Edis, Z.; Shaikh, A.A.; Pathan, H.M. A Look Behind the Scenes at COVID-19: National Strategies of Infection Control and Their Impact on Mortality. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5616.

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