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Article

Factors Associated with the Perception of Risk and Knowledge of Contracting the SARS-Cov-2 among Adults in Bangladesh: Analysis of Online Surveys

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College of Business Administration—CBA, International University of Business, Agriculture and Technology—IUBAT University, Dhaka 1230, Bangladesh
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Vice-chancellor, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur-5404, Bangladesh
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Diabetes, Obesity, and Translational Research Unit (DOMTRU), School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney 2560, Australia
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Faculty of Business and Management, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia
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Department of Gender and Development Studies, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur-5404, Bangladesh
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School of Environment and Life Sciences (Environmental Science and Management), University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
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Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Kota Bharu 16100, Malaysia
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School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Sydney 2000, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current Address: African Eye and Public Health Research Initiative (AEPRI), African Vision Research Institute, Discipline of Optometry, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Durban 3629, South Africa.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5252; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145252
Received: 4 June 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
This study investigated the perception and awareness of risk among adult participants in Bangladesh about Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). During the lockdown era in Bangladesh at two different time points, from 26−31 March 2020 (early lockdown) and 11−16 May 2020 (late lockdown), two self-administered online surveys were conducted on 1005 respondents (322 and 683 participants, respectively) via social media. To examine risk perception and knowledge-related factors towards COVID-19, univariate and multiple linear regression models were employed. Scores of mean knowledge (8.4 vs. 8.1, p = 0.022) and perception of risk (11.2 vs. 10.6, p < 0.001) differed significantly between early and late lockdown. There was a significant decrease in perceived risk scores for contracting SARS-Cov-2 [β = −0.85, 95%CI: −1.31, −0.39], while knowledge about SARS-Cov-2 decreased insignificantly [β = −0.22, 95%CI: −0.46, 0.03] in late lockdown compared with early lockdown period. Self-quarantine was a common factor linked to increased perceived risks and knowledge of SARS-Cov-2 during the lockdown period. Any effort to increase public awareness and comprehension of SARS-Cov-2 in Bangladesh will then offer preference to males, who did not practice self-quarantine and are less worried about the propagation of this kind of virus. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; knowledge; perception of risk; pandemic outbreak; disease control; cross-sectional study COVID-19; knowledge; perception of risk; pandemic outbreak; disease control; cross-sectional study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abir, T.; Kalimullah, N.A.; Osuagwu, U.L.; Yazdani, D.M.N.-A.; Mamun, A.A.; Husain, T.; Basak, P.; Permarupan, P.Y.; Agho, K.E. Factors Associated with the Perception of Risk and Knowledge of Contracting the SARS-Cov-2 among Adults in Bangladesh: Analysis of Online Surveys. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145252

AMA Style

Abir T, Kalimullah NA, Osuagwu UL, Yazdani DMN-A, Mamun AA, Husain T, Basak P, Permarupan PY, Agho KE. Factors Associated with the Perception of Risk and Knowledge of Contracting the SARS-Cov-2 among Adults in Bangladesh: Analysis of Online Surveys. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abir, Tanvir; Kalimullah, Nazmul A.; Osuagwu, Uchechukwu L.; Yazdani, Dewan M.N.-A.; Mamun, Abdullah A.; Husain, Taha; Basak, Palash; Permarupan, P. Y.; Agho, Kingsley E. 2020. "Factors Associated with the Perception of Risk and Knowledge of Contracting the SARS-Cov-2 among Adults in Bangladesh: Analysis of Online Surveys" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 14: 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145252

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