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Open AccessArticle

Long-Term Influence of the Practice of Physical Activity on the Self-Perceived Quality of Life of Women with Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Vigo, Campus a Xunqueira, s/n. 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
2
Faculty of Physical Therapy, University of Vigo, Campus a Xunqueira, s/n. 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
3
Health Service from Galicia (SERGAS), Galician Health Services—Ourense Hospital, 32005 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 4986; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144986
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 10 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sport and Exercise for Health and Performance)
Background: There is still no consensus on the most suitable interventions for exercise practice in breast cancer survivors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a two-year physical activity intervention (strength, aqua fitness and aerobic exercise programs) on the self-perceived quality of life and physical functionality of female breast cancer survivors. Methods: A randomized, controlled, experimental trial with a sample of 316 women (63 ± 7 years), who had been diagnosed with breast cancer. The evaluations were performed using the Rikli & Jones Senior Fitness Test, and the Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12). Results: The participants in the strength program showed statistically significant improvements in all the items of the SF-12. The aqua fitness program obtained significant improvements in Physical Functioning and Limitations, Pain and Emotional Limitations, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning and the physical and mental components of the SF-12. The participants in the aerobic program showed a progressive deterioration of Vitality and Mental Health. Conclusion: When assigning breast cancer survivors to an exercise program, the preferential or predominant activity should include strength exercises. On the other hand, as the second choice, those patients with particularly low levels of Vitality or Physical Limitations will show greater improvement with an aqua fitness program. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast neoplasms; survival; exercise; quality of life; aged; women breast neoplasms; survival; exercise; quality of life; aged; women
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MDPI and ACS Style

García-Soidán, J.L.; Pérez-Ribao, I.; Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; Soto-Rodríguez, A. Long-Term Influence of the Practice of Physical Activity on the Self-Perceived Quality of Life of Women with Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144986

AMA Style

García-Soidán JL, Pérez-Ribao I, Leirós-Rodríguez R, Soto-Rodríguez A. Long-Term Influence of the Practice of Physical Activity on the Self-Perceived Quality of Life of Women with Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):4986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144986

Chicago/Turabian Style

García-Soidán, Jose L.; Pérez-Ribao, Ignacio; Leirós-Rodríguez, Raquel; Soto-Rodríguez, Anxela. 2020. "Long-Term Influence of the Practice of Physical Activity on the Self-Perceived Quality of Life of Women with Breast Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 14: 4986. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17144986

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