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Open AccessArticle

Psychometric Properties of the Colombian Version of the HIV Attitudes Scale for Adolescents

1
SexLab KL, School of Psychology, Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz, Bogotá 110231, Colombia
2
Grupo Aitana, Departament of Health Psychology, Universidad Miguel Hernandez, 03202 Alicante, Spain
3
Social Sciences Department, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4686; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134686
Received: 14 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Risk Behaviors and Substance Abuse among Adolescents)
The HIV Attitudes Scale (HIV-AS) evaluates attitudes towards different aspects of HIV. In view of the lack of scales measuring this construct in Colombia, this study sought to validate the HIV-AS test for adolescents from Colombia. A total of 867 Colombian students, aged between 14 and 19 years (M = 15.97 years; SD = 1.37) were evaluated. Participants responded to the HIV-AS test and a set of scales used to assess external validity. Content validity analyses reflected good adequacy indices for the items. Exploratory factor analyses revealed a four-factor structure and reliability indices were satisfactory. The structural equation model showed good levels of fit. Most of the items presented a discrimination index above 0.30 and contributed to the reliability of the scale, except for item 9, which was eliminated. Concurrent validity showed significant correlations among the HIV-AS and other similar constructs. A reliable measurement of attitudes toward HIV allows for an improved assessment of the risk associated with exposure to sexually transmitted infections in adolescent populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV/AIDS; attitudes; validity; adolescent; Colombia HIV/AIDS; attitudes; validity; adolescent; Colombia
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Gómez-Lugo, M.; Morales, A.; Saavedra-Roa, A.; Niebles-Charris, J.; García-Roncallo, P.; Marchal-Bertrand, L.; Espada, J.P.; Vallejo-Medina, P. Psychometric Properties of the Colombian Version of the HIV Attitudes Scale for Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4686.

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