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Open AccessArticle

Risk of Injury and Mortality among Driver Victims Involved in Single-Vehicle Crashes in Taiwan: Comparisons between Vehicle Types

by Ya-Hui Chang 1,†, Chung-Yi Li 1,2,3,4,†, Tsung-Hsueh Lu 1, Kurnia Dwi Artanti 4 and Wen-Hsuan Hou 5,6,7,8,*
1
Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
2
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung 404, Taiwan
3
Department of Healthcare Administration, College of Medical and Health Science, Asia University, Taichung 413, Taiwan
4
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia
5
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan
6
Master Program in Long-Term Care & School of Gerontology Health Management, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
7
Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 110, Taiwan
8
Center of Evidence-Based Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei 110, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4687; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134687
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 25 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
Vehicle-type specific injury severity has rarely been investigated mainly because of a lack of such information in hospital-based studies that normally exclude those who are severely injured and die on the scene. No study has been conducted either on driver characteristics in single vehicle crashes in Taiwan according to vehicle type. This was the first population-based study aiming to describe demographic characteristics in association with vehicle-specific rates of injury and fatality among driver victims involved in single-vehicle crashes in Taiwan. We presented sex and age-specific number and proportion of driver victims according to vehicle type. We calculated sex and age-specific rates of injury and fatality. Injury and fatality rates were also graphically presented. Bicycle and motorcycle rider victims generally had higher injury rates but lower fatality rates. However, older (45+) bicycle rider victims had greater fatality risk. By contrast, truck and car driver victims were generally associated with lower injury rates but with higher fatality rates. Elderly (65+ years) truck driver victims suffered from higher rates of injury and fatality. Male victims were found to have a higher fatality rate than female victims regardless of vehicle type. The vehicle-type-specific analyses of injury and fatality are considered useful in identifying single-vehicle crash victims at greater risks of injury and fatality. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury; mortality; gender; traffic accident injury; mortality; gender; traffic accident
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Chang, Y.-H.; Li, C.-Y.; Lu, T.-H.; Artanti, K.D.; Hou, W.-H. Risk of Injury and Mortality among Driver Victims Involved in Single-Vehicle Crashes in Taiwan: Comparisons between Vehicle Types. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4687.

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