Next Article in Journal
Process Evaluation of a Clustered Randomized Control Trial of a Comprehensive Intervention to Reduce the Risk of Cardiovascular Events in Primary Health Care in Rural China
Next Article in Special Issue
The Potential Impacts of Urban and Transit Planning Scenarios for 2031 on Car Use and Active Transportation in a Metropolitan Area
Previous Article in Journal
Food Co-Operatives: A Potential Community-Based Strategy to Improve Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Australia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Community Health Impacts of the Trident Copper Mine Project in Northwestern Zambia: Results from Repeated Cross-Sectional Surveys
Open AccessArticle

Inclusion of Health in Impact Assessment: A Review of Current Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa

1
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
2
University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland
3
Department of Humanities, Social- and Political Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Clausiusstrasse 37, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114155
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 10 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment)
Natural resource extraction projects, including those in the mining sector, have various effects on human health and wellbeing, with communities in resource-rich areas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) being particularly vulnerable. While impact assessments (IA) can predict and mitigate negative effects, it is unclear whether and to what extent health aspects are included in current IA practice in SSA. For collecting IA reports, we contacted 569 mining projects and 35 ministries regulating the mining sector. The reports obtained were complemented by reports identified in prior research. The examination of the final sample of 44 IA reports revealed a heavy focus on environmental health determinants and included health outcomes were often limited to a few aspects, such as HIV, malaria and injuries. The miniscule yield of reports (1.6% of contacted projects) and the low response rate by the contacted mining companies (18%) might indicate a lack of transparency in the IA process of the mining sector in SSA. To address the shortcomings identified, policies regulating IA practice should strengthen the requirements for public disclosure of IA reports and promote a more comprehensive inclusion of health in IA, be it through stand-alone health impact assessment or more rigorous integration of health in other forms of IA. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental impact assessment; extractive industry; health impact assessment; low- and middle-income countries; mining sector; sub-Saharan Africa environmental impact assessment; extractive industry; health impact assessment; low- and middle-income countries; mining sector; sub-Saharan Africa
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dietler, D.; Lewinski, R.; Azevedo, S.; Engebretsen, R.; Brugger, F.; Utzinger, J.; Winkler, M.S. Inclusion of Health in Impact Assessment: A Review of Current Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4155.

AMA Style

Dietler D, Lewinski R, Azevedo S, Engebretsen R, Brugger F, Utzinger J, Winkler MS. Inclusion of Health in Impact Assessment: A Review of Current Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4155.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dietler, Dominik; Lewinski, Ruth; Azevedo, Sophie; Engebretsen, Rebecca; Brugger, Fritz; Utzinger, Jürg; Winkler, Mirko S. 2020. "Inclusion of Health in Impact Assessment: A Review of Current Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 11: 4155.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop