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Review

Determinants of Suicidality in the European General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, University of Malaga, 29010 Malaga, Spain
2
Primary Care Center of Marquesado, Área Nordeste de Granada, 18512 Granada, Spain
3
Social and Behavioural Sciences, European University Cyprus 6th Diogenous st., Nicosia 2063, Cyprus
4
Biomedical Research Institute of Malaga (IBIMA), 29010 Málaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 4115; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114115
Received: 25 April 2020 / Revised: 3 June 2020 / Accepted: 3 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Social Determinants of Mental Health)
Close to one million people commit suicide each year, with suicidal attempts being the main risk factor for suicide. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to achieve a greater understanding of suicidality in the general population of Europe by studying associated factors and their statistical significance with suicidality, as well as the effect of the temporal moment in which suicidality is observed in a relationship. A search strategy was carried out in electronic databases: Proquest’s Psychology Database, Scopus, PsycINFO, Medline and Embase. Odds ratios (ORs), publication bias, influential studies on heterogeneity and analysis moderators were calculated. Twenty-six studies were included after meeting the inclusion criteria. Factors statistically associated with suicidality are female gender, age over 65 years, unemployment, low social support, adulthood adversity, childhood adversity, family history of mental disorder, any affective disorder, major depression, anxiety/stress/somatoform disorders, tobacco and substance use, any mental disorder and body mass index. As a limitation, a high heterogeneity between studies was found. Factors associated with suicidality in the general population are relevant for understanding the suicidal phenomenon. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicidality; death wishes; suicidal ideation; suicidal plans; suicidal attempts; general population; risk factors suicidality; death wishes; suicidal ideation; suicidal plans; suicidal attempts; general population; risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carrasco-Barrios, M.T.; Huertas, P.; Martín, P.; Martín, C.; Castillejos, M.C.; Petkari, E.; Moreno-Küstner, B. Determinants of Suicidality in the European General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114115

AMA Style

Carrasco-Barrios MT, Huertas P, Martín P, Martín C, Castillejos MC, Petkari E, Moreno-Küstner B. Determinants of Suicidality in the European General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):4115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carrasco-Barrios, María Teresa, Paloma Huertas, Paloma Martín, Carlos Martín, Mª Carmen Castillejos, Eleni Petkari, and Berta Moreno-Küstner. 2020. "Determinants of Suicidality in the European General Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 11: 4115. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17114115

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