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Process-Oriented Instrument and Taxonomy for Teaching Surgical Procedures in Medical Training: The Ultrasound-Guided Insertion of Central Venous Catheter

1
Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 7820436, Chile
2
Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8331150, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Understanding Undesired Procedural Behavior in Surgical Training: The Instructor Perspective. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on Process-Oriented Data Science for Healthcare 2019 (PODS4H19), Vienna, Austria, 2 September 2019.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3849; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113849
Received: 5 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 29 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Process-Oriented Data Science for Healthcare 2019 (PODS4H19))
Procedural training is relevant for physicians who perform surgical procedures. In the medical education field, instructors who teach surgical procedures need to understand how their students are learning to give them feedback and assess them objectively. The sequence of steps of surgical procedures is an aspect rarely considered in medical education, and state-of-the-art tools for giving feedback and assessing students do not focus on this perspective. Process Mining can help to include this perspective in this field since it has recently been used successfully in some applications. However, these previous developments are more centred on students than on instructors. This paper presents the use of Process Mining to fill this gap, generating a taxonomy of activities and a process-oriented instrument. We evaluated both tools with instructors who teach central venous catheter insertion. The results show that the instructors found both tools useful to provide objective feedback and objective assessment. We concluded that the instructors understood the information provided by the instrument since it provides helpful information to understand students’ performance regarding the sequence of steps followed. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical training; surgical procedures; Process Mining; medical instructor; procedural skills medical training; surgical procedures; Process Mining; medical instructor; procedural skills
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MDPI and ACS Style

Galvez, V.; de la Fuente, R.; Meneses, C.; Leiva, L.; Fagalde, G.; Herskovic, V.; Fuentes, R.; Munoz-Gama, J.; Sepúlveda, M. Process-Oriented Instrument and Taxonomy for Teaching Surgical Procedures in Medical Training: The Ultrasound-Guided Insertion of Central Venous Catheter. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113849

AMA Style

Galvez V, de la Fuente R, Meneses C, Leiva L, Fagalde G, Herskovic V, Fuentes R, Munoz-Gama J, Sepúlveda M. Process-Oriented Instrument and Taxonomy for Teaching Surgical Procedures in Medical Training: The Ultrasound-Guided Insertion of Central Venous Catheter. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113849

Chicago/Turabian Style

Galvez, Victor; de la Fuente, Rene; Meneses, Cesar; Leiva, Luis; Fagalde, Gonzalo; Herskovic, Valeria; Fuentes, Ricardo; Munoz-Gama, Jorge; Sepúlveda, Marcos. 2020. "Process-Oriented Instrument and Taxonomy for Teaching Surgical Procedures in Medical Training: The Ultrasound-Guided Insertion of Central Venous Catheter" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 11: 3849. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113849

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