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Article

Health Assets, Vocation and Zest for Healthcare Work. A Salutogenic Approach to Active Coping among Certified Nursing Assistant Students

1
Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
Development and Advising in Traffic Safety (DATS) Research Group, INTRAS (Instituto de Investigación en Tráfico y Seguridad Vial), 46022 Valencia, Spain
3
Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Medicina Interna, 46014 Valencia, Spain
4
Escuela de Enfermería La Fe, Centro adscrito Universitat de València, 46026 València, Spain
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Grupo de Investigación GREIACC, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria IIS La Fe, 46026 València, Spain
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Centre de Salut Pública d’Alzira, Conselleria de Sanitat Universal i Salut Pública, Alzira, 46600 València, Spain
7
Fundació per al Foment de la Investigació Sanitària i Biomèdica de la Comunitat Valenciana (FISABIO), 46035 València, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3586; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103586
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Salutogenesis and Coping: Ways to Overcome Stress and Conflicts)
People’s health assets (HA) mapping process and design dynamization strategies for it are paramount issues for health promotion. These strategies improve the health heritage of individuals and communities as both the salutogenic model of health (SMH) and health assets model (HAM) defend. Connecting and mobilizing HA and strengthens the ‘sense of coherence’ (SOC) are both related to enhancing stress active and effective coping strategies. This study aims to describe the HA present in a population of certified nursing assistant students (n = 921) in Spain and then to explore their relationships with the SOC, the motivation to choose healthcare studies and their academic performance. A great variety of HA were identified and mapped. Findings showed that individuals with greater motivation towards self-care and ‘caring for others’ as internal HA, possessed higher SOC levels and a strong vocation for healthcare work. Differences in HA were identified according to gender, age and employment situation. Consistent connections between the care–relation factor and vocational factor with interpersonal and extrapersonal HA were reported. Evidence and results substantiated the salutogenic and asset-based approach as a proper strategy to strengthen SOC, dynamize their HA map, reinforce the sense of calling and enable Certified Nurse Assistant (CNA) students to buffer against caregiving-related stress and thrive in their profession. View Full-Text
Keywords: salutogenic model of health; health assets model; asset-based approach; nurse; certified nurse assistant; vocation; active coping salutogenic model of health; health assets model; asset-based approach; nurse; certified nurse assistant; vocation; active coping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Colomer-Pérez, N.; Chover-Sierra, E.; Gea-Caballero, V.; Paredes-Carbonell, J.J. Health Assets, Vocation and Zest for Healthcare Work. A Salutogenic Approach to Active Coping among Certified Nursing Assistant Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103586

AMA Style

Colomer-Pérez N, Chover-Sierra E, Gea-Caballero V, Paredes-Carbonell JJ. Health Assets, Vocation and Zest for Healthcare Work. A Salutogenic Approach to Active Coping among Certified Nursing Assistant Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103586

Chicago/Turabian Style

Colomer-Pérez, Natura, Elena Chover-Sierra, Vicente Gea-Caballero, and Joan J. Paredes-Carbonell 2020. "Health Assets, Vocation and Zest for Healthcare Work. A Salutogenic Approach to Active Coping among Certified Nursing Assistant Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3586. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103586

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