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Article

Appropriate Employment for Segregated Roma: Mechanisms in a Public–Private Partnership Project

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Department of Health Psychology and Research Methodology, Medical Faculty, P.J. Safarik University in Kosice, Trieda SNP 1, 040 11 Kosice, Slovakia
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Olomouc University Society and Health Institute, Palacky University in Olomouc, Univerzitni 22, 771 11 Olomouc, Czech Republic
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Department of Community and Occupational Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3588; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103588
Received: 20 March 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 16 May 2020 / Published: 20 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Roma Health Disadvantage)
Our earlier article showed that increased employability of segregated Roma may improve their well-being and health. To achieve that, appropriate employment based on a public–private partnership could be the key. For optimal design of such a partnership, we need insight into its potential mechanisms. Evidence on this is lacking, however. This paper builds on the previously published article by focusing on mechanisms for achieving better health. Therefore, our aim was to identify the potential mechanisms by which a public–private Roma employment project could increase employability. We investigated a Roma employment project called Equality of Opportunity established by a private company, U.S. Steel Kosice in eastern Slovakia. We conducted a multi-perspective qualitative study to obtain key stakeholders’ perspectives on the potential mechanisms of a public–private Roma employment project in terms of increased employability. We found three types of mechanisms. The first type regarded formal job mechanisms, such as an appropriate employment and salary offer and a bottom-up approach in capacity building. The second type involved sustainability mechanisms, such as the personal profile of project and work-shift coordinators, the continuous offer of training and cooperation with relevant stakeholders (municipalities, community centers, etc.). The third type was cultural mechanisms, such as personal contact with project participants, attention to less-voiced groups like children, the motivation of project participants, a counter-value reciprocity approach and respect for the specifics of Roma history. Our findings imply that policymakers could consider public–private partnerships for increasing the employability of segregated Roma, as they have the potential to address a wider range of social needs simultaneously. View Full-Text
Keywords: deprivation; unemployment; employability; mechanisms; segregated Roma deprivation; unemployment; employability; mechanisms; segregated Roma
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bosakova, L.; Madarasova Geckova, A.; van Dijk, J.P.; Reijneveld, S.A. Appropriate Employment for Segregated Roma: Mechanisms in a Public–Private Partnership Project. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3588. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103588

AMA Style

Bosakova L, Madarasova Geckova A, van Dijk JP, Reijneveld SA. Appropriate Employment for Segregated Roma: Mechanisms in a Public–Private Partnership Project. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3588. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103588

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bosakova, Lucia, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk, and Sijmen A. Reijneveld 2020. "Appropriate Employment for Segregated Roma: Mechanisms in a Public–Private Partnership Project" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3588. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103588

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