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Article

Gender Inequalities in Health and Their Effect on the Economic Prosperity Represented by the GDP of Selected Developed Countries—Empirical Study

1
Faculty of Management, University of Prešov in Prešov, Konštantínova 16, 080 01 Prešov, Slovakia
2
Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Mostní 5139, 760 00 Zlín, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3555; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103555
Received: 22 April 2020 / Revised: 17 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 19 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Inequality and Spatially Distribution)
The objective is to evaluate the relations between gender health inequalities and economic prosperity in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. The groups included health indicators in the specification of men, women and gender inequalities: life expectancy, causes of mortality and avoidable mortality. The variable determining the economic prosperity was represented by the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The analytical processing included descriptive analysis, analysis of differences and analysis of relationships. The regression analysis was presented as the main output of the research. Most of the significant gender differences in health showed a more positive outcome for women. It is possible to identify a certain relation between gender health inequalities and economic prosperity. If there is some reduction in gender inequalities in health, the economic prosperity will increase. The reduction seems to be more effective on the part of men than women. The output of the cluster analysis showed the relations of indicators evaluating the inequalities and the prosperity. The countries such as Luxembourg, Norway or Switzerland showed very positive outputs, on the other hand, the countries with a potential for the improvement are Lithuania, Latvia or Estonia. Overall, the policies should focus on reducing the inequalities in avoidable mortality as well as reducing the frequent diseases in younger people. View Full-Text
Keywords: health inequalities; life expectancy; mortality; avoidable mortality; diseases; prosperity of economy; gross domestic product; gender health inequalities; health differences; OECD health inequalities; life expectancy; mortality; avoidable mortality; diseases; prosperity of economy; gross domestic product; gender health inequalities; health differences; OECD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stefko, R.; Gavurova, B.; Ivankova, V.; Rigelsky, M. Gender Inequalities in Health and Their Effect on the Economic Prosperity Represented by the GDP of Selected Developed Countries—Empirical Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3555. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103555

AMA Style

Stefko R, Gavurova B, Ivankova V, Rigelsky M. Gender Inequalities in Health and Their Effect on the Economic Prosperity Represented by the GDP of Selected Developed Countries—Empirical Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3555. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103555

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stefko, Robert, Beata Gavurova, Viera Ivankova, and Martin Rigelsky. 2020. "Gender Inequalities in Health and Their Effect on the Economic Prosperity Represented by the GDP of Selected Developed Countries—Empirical Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3555. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103555

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