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Article

The Association of Emotional and Physical Reactions to Perceived Discrimination with Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men in the Southeast

1
Department of Human Studies, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
2
Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
3
Department of Management, Information Systems & Quantitative Methods, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 322; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010322
Received: 7 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 25 December 2019 / Published: 2 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing)
This study examines the association of emotional and physical reactions to perceived discrimination with depressive symptoms among a sample of African American (AA) men in the southeastern United States. Analysis of the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data set provides an examination of demographic, perceived discrimination context, and health status differences in depressive symptoms measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire—2 (PHQ-2). The analysis also assesses individual differences among AA men related to experiencing physical symptoms and feeling emotionally upset due to perceived discrimination. A focused examination investigates the role of adverse reactions to perceived discrimination in association with depressive symptomology. Findings illuminate the significance of experiences of and reactions to perceived discrimination in relationship with depressive symptomology among AA men living in the southeastern United States. Findings also demonstrate the need for additional research focusing on perceived discrimination experiences in relation to depressive symptoms experienced among the AA male subgroup. Continued investigation of within-group differences among AA men, with health promotional strategies to foster social-emotional support, will further the improvement in health and wellness for AA men. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; African American; perceived discrimination; adverse reactions; social-emotional support depression; African American; perceived discrimination; adverse reactions; social-emotional support
MDPI and ACS Style

Wilkinson, L.L.; Clay, O.J.; Hood, A.C.; Plaisance, E.P.; Kinnerson, L.; Beamon, B.D.; Hector, D. The Association of Emotional and Physical Reactions to Perceived Discrimination with Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men in the Southeast. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 322. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010322

AMA Style

Wilkinson LL, Clay OJ, Hood AC, Plaisance EP, Kinnerson L, Beamon BD, Hector D. The Association of Emotional and Physical Reactions to Perceived Discrimination with Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men in the Southeast. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):322. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010322

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilkinson, Larrell L., Olivio J. Clay, Anthony C. Hood, Eric P. Plaisance, Lakesha Kinnerson, Brandon D. Beamon, and Dominique Hector. 2020. "The Association of Emotional and Physical Reactions to Perceived Discrimination with Depressive Symptoms Among African American Men in the Southeast" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 322. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010322

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