Next Article in Journal
Unexpected Prevalence of eae-Positive Escherichia coli in the Animas River, Durango, Colorado
Next Article in Special Issue
A Technological Scenario for a Healthier, More Equitable and Sustainable Europe in 2040: Citizen Perceptions and Policy Implications
Previous Article in Journal
How Health Communication via Tik Tok Makes a Difference: A Content Analysis of Tik Tok Accounts Run by Chinese Provincial Health Committees
Previous Article in Special Issue
Equity, Health, and Sustainability with PROVE: The Evaluation of a Portuguese Program for a Short Distance Supply Chain of Fruits and Vegetables
 
 
Article

How Good Is our Place—Implementation of the Place Standard Tool in North Macedonia

1
Institute of Public Health of the Republic of North Macedonia, 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia
2
European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Truro TR1 3HD, UK
3
NHS Health Scotland, Meridian Court, 5 Cadogan Street, Glasgow, Scotland G2 6QE, UK
4
Institute for Sociological, Political and Juridical Research, Skopje, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 194; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010194
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 17 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 27 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue A More Sustainable and Healthier Future for All: What Works?)
This study describes the implementation, in North Macedonia, of a “tool”, initially devised in Scotland, to generate community and stakeholder discussion about the places in which they live and notably a place’s capacity to generate health wellbeing and greater equity among citizens. In this study, the “place standard tool” (PST) is viewed from the perspective of creating places which can deliver a triple win of health and wellbeing, equity, and environmental sustainability. Skopje, North Macedonia’s capital, inevitably differs economically, culturally, and politically from Scotland, thus providing an opportunity to augment existing knowledge on adaptability of the tool in shaping agendas for policy and action. Тhe PST was tested through seminars with selected focus groups and an online questionnaire. Over 350 respondents were included. Information on priorities enabled the distillation of suggestions for improvement and was shared with the Mayor and municipal administration. Skopje citizens valued an approach which solicited their views in a meaningful way. Specific concerns were expressed relating to heavy traffic and related air and noise pollution, and care and maintenance of places and care services. Responses varied by geographic location. Application of the PST increased knowledge and confidence levels among citizens and enthusiasm for active involvement in decision making. Effective implementation relies heavily on: good governance and top-level support; excellent organization and good timing; careful training of interviewers and focus group moderators; and on prior knowledge of the participants/respondents. View Full-Text
Keywords: place; place standard; community engagement; community empowerment; health determinants; wellbeing place; place standard; community engagement; community empowerment; health determinants; wellbeing
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gjorgjev, D.; Dimovska, M.; Morris, G.; Howie, J.; Borota Popovska, M.; Topuzovska Latkovikj, M. How Good Is our Place—Implementation of the Place Standard Tool in North Macedonia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010194

AMA Style

Gjorgjev D, Dimovska M, Morris G, Howie J, Borota Popovska M, Topuzovska Latkovikj M. How Good Is our Place—Implementation of the Place Standard Tool in North Macedonia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gjorgjev, Dragan, Mirjana Dimovska, George Morris, John Howie, Mirjana Borota Popovska, and Marija Topuzovska Latkovikj. 2020. "How Good Is our Place—Implementation of the Place Standard Tool in North Macedonia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 194. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010194

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop