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Open AccessArticle

Preventable Mortality in Regions of Slovakia—Quantification of Regional Disparities and Investigation of the Impact of Environmental Factors

by Beata Gavurova 1,* and Peter Toth 2
1
Center for Applied Economic Research, Faculty of Management and Economics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 01 Zlín, Czech Republic
2
Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Košice, 040 01 Košice, Slovak Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1382; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081382
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
Environmental health is among the priority areas of public health, and the current professional communities are intensively engaged with it. The main objective of the study is to quantify regional disparities of preventable mortality in Slovakia and to study the extent of the influence of selected environmental factors on changes in the development of its values. A cross-sectional linear regression model is used to quantify effects of environmental factors on the preventable mortality. Also, cluster analysis is used to identify regions with similar levels of air pollution. Environmental factors were selected based on the study of the World Health Organization. From the point of view of the influence of environmental factors on preventable mortality in the case of men, statistically significant connection to sewerage, SO2 production, and production of particulate matter was demonstrated. In the case of women, equally important factors showed connection to sewerage and SO2. The results of this study point to significant regional disparities in preventable mortality and a different degree of impact of environmental factors. Preventable mortality is above the Slovak average in most of the least-developed districts. Even in this group, there are significant differences. View Full-Text
Keywords: preventable mortality; regional disparities; environmental factors; prevention programs preventable mortality; regional disparities; environmental factors; prevention programs
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Gavurova, B.; Toth, P. Preventable Mortality in Regions of Slovakia—Quantification of Regional Disparities and Investigation of the Impact of Environmental Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1382.

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