Next Article in Journal
Social Determinants of Health-Related Quality of Life among Residents in Zhejiang and Qinghai, China
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effects of Green Exercise on Physical and Mental Wellbeing: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Between Privilege and Oppression: An Intersectional Analysis of Active Transportation Experiences Among Washington D.C. Area Youth
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Potential of Specialized Media in Public Health: Analysis of Health-Related Content in Sports Newspapers
Open AccessArticle

Smartphone Use and Physical Activity among College Students in Health Science-Related Majors in the United States and Thailand

1
Department of Physical Education, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
2
Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
3
Department of Sociology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1315; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081315
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Smartphone use among college students is prevalent across the world. Recently, research has begun to investigate the relationship between smartphone use and physical activity. This study examined the amount of time spent using a smartphone and the physical activity (PA) levels among college students majoring in health science-related disciplines in the United States (US) and Thailand. Using convenience sampling, college students in the US (n = 242) and Thailand (n = 194) completed an online survey, in Fall 2016, assessing smartphone usage and PA. Data were analyzed using chi-square tests and two-way ANOVA (p < 0.05). US students reported more days per week ( U = 15,150.0 , p = 0.00 , r = 0.33 ) and greater duration of PA ( U = 11,234.0 , p = 0.00 , r = 0.33 ) than Thai students while Thai students used smartphones more per day than US students ( U = 13,137.5 , p = 0.00 , r = 0.40 ). No difference existed for years of smartphone use ( U = 22,207.0 , p = 0.27 ). Greater smartphone use per day inversely related to days per week of engaging in PA among Thai students ( X 2 ( 3 ) = 10.55 , p = 0.01 , ε 2 = 0.06 ), but not among US students ( X 2 ( 3 ) = 2.39 , p = 0.50 ). The high smartphone use among college students, especially in Thailand, may be a barrier to PA as well as a strategy for PA promotion in higher education settings. Research should examine the best techniques for smartphone application development to promote PA in college settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; technology; young adults exercise; technology; young adults
MDPI and ACS Style

Penglee, N.; Christiana, R.W.; Battista, R.A.; Rosenberg, E. Smartphone Use and Physical Activity among College Students in Health Science-Related Majors in the United States and Thailand. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1315.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop