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Open AccessProtocol

Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review

1
Centre for Health Equity, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health; University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia
2
Equity and Health Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences; Karolinska Institute, 162 54 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Public Health; University of Copenhagen, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
Centre for Mental Health, School of Population and Global Health; University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1169; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071169
Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 23 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
Both gender and employment are critical and intersecting social determinants of mental and physical health. This paper describes the protocol used to conduct a systematic literature review of the relationship between “gendered working environments” and mental health. Gendered working environments (GWE) are conceptualised as involving: (1) differences in selection into work, and more specifically, occupations; (2) variation in employment arrangements and working hours; (3) disparities in psychosocial exposures at work, and; (4) differences in selection out of work. Methods/design: The review will adhere to a Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) search procedure. Key words will be identified that are specific to each of the four domains of GWE. The databases used for the search will be Scopus, Pubmed, Proquest, and Web of Science. Keywords will be adapted for the specific requirements of each electronic database. Inclusion criteria are: Using a validated scale to measure mental health (outcome); including exposures related to the four domains of GWE; reporting estimates for both men and women; and use of a cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional design. Studies will be excluded if they were published more than 10 years ago, are not in English or do not present extractable data on the relationship between GWE and mental health. Discussion: The proposed review will provide evidence about the numerous and complex ways in which employment and gender intersect (and are reinforced) to influence mental health over the life course. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; employment; work; mental health; inequalities; review gender; employment; work; mental health; inequalities; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Milner, A.; Scovelle, A.J.; King, T.L.; Marck, C.H.; McAllister, A.; Kavanagh, A.M.; Shields, M.; Török, E.; O’Neil, A. Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1169. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071169

AMA Style

Milner A, Scovelle AJ, King TL, Marck CH, McAllister A, Kavanagh AM, Shields M, Török E, O’Neil A. Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(7):1169. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071169

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milner, Allison; Scovelle, Anna J.; King, Tania L.; Marck, Claudia H.; McAllister, Ashley; Kavanagh, Anne M.; Shields, Marissa; Török, Eszter; O’Neil, Adrienne. 2019. "Gendered Working Environments as a Determinant of Mental Health Inequalities: A Protocol for a Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 7: 1169. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071169

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