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Effects of Intervention Program [email protected] on Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying

Faculty of Education, Department of Psychology of Education and Psychobiology, International University of la Rioja (UNIR), Avenida de la Paz, 137, 26006 Logroño, Spain
Faculty of Psychology, Department Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Avda Blasco Ibañez, 21, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Faculty of Human Sciences and Education, Department of Psychology and Sociology, University of Zaragoza, Valentín Carderera, 4, 22003 Huesca, Spain
Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Social Psychology, University Pablo Olavide, 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(4), 527;
Received: 27 December 2018 / Revised: 4 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interventions to Reduce Bullying and Cyberbullying)
PDF [927 KB, uploaded 13 February 2019]


Due to the negative consequences of being bullied and the increase in cyberbullying among adolescents, there is a need for evidence-based programs to prevent and intervene in these types of peer violence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the [email protected] bullying and cyberbullying program, drawing on three theoretical frameworks: the ecological model, empowerment theory, and the model of personal and social responsibility. The [email protected] program was evaluated using a repeated-measures pre-post-test design with an experimental group and a control group. The sample consisted of 660 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old (M = 13.58, SD = 1.26), randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Repeated-measures ANOVA of pre-post-test scores were conducted. Results showed a significant decrease in bullying and victimization and cyberbullying and cybervictimization in the experimental group, compared to the control group, indicating that the [email protected] program is effective in reducing bullying and cyberbullying. Taking into account the harmful effects of these types of violence, the results have important implications in the prevention of these behaviors because they provide scientific evidence of the program’s effectiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; cyberbullying; prevention program; [email protected]; adolescents bullying; cyberbullying; prevention program; [email protected]; adolescents

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Ortega-Barón, J.; Buelga, S.; Ayllón, E.; Martínez-Ferrer, B.; Cava, M.-J. Effects of Intervention Program [email protected] on Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 527.

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