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New Polymer Inclusion Membrane Containing β-Cyclodextrin Polymer: Application for Pharmaceutical Pollutant Removal from Waste Water

1
UNIROUEN, DC2N INSERM U1239-Galenic Pharmaceutical Team, UFR of Health, Normandy University, 22 Bd Gambetta, FR-76000 Rouen, France
2
Laboratory of membrane processes and of separation and recovery techniques, Faculty of Technology, Abderrahmane-Mira University, Route de Targua Ouzemmour, DZ-06000 Bejaia, Algeria
3
Service de Pharmacie, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Chemin du Grand-Revoyet, FR-69395 Pierre-Bénite, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 414; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030414
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 29 January 2019 / Accepted: 30 January 2019 / Published: 31 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane Technologies for Water and Wastewater Treatment)
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Abstract

We present herein the preparation of novel polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) containing insoluble β-CD polymer as a carrier, polyvinyl chloride as a base polymer, and dibuthylphtalate (DBP) as a plasticizer in varying proportions. The prepared PIMs can be obtained by a simple, fast, and high-yield preparation process. Physicochemical characterizations of such membranes occurred in a homogeneous structure. In addition, Fourier-transform infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis found that DBP was inserted between these polymeric chains by non-covalent interactions. This led to a spacing of PVC/poly(β-cyclodextrin) chains inducing a better access of guest molecules to PIM cyclodextrins. To achieve the elimination of ibuprofen and progesterone, two examples of emerging environmental contaminants that can lead to possible alterations to aquatic environments and affect human health, the effect of three operating parameters was studied (pH, the proportion of β-cyclodextrin polymer, and wastewater agitation). The proportion of β-cyclodextrin polymer and wastewater agitation had a favorable influence on drug extraction at 10 ppm. The PIMs containing β-cyclodextrin polymer was unstable in basic conditions and was more effective at acidic pH. These initial results demonstrate the high potential for drug extraction of this polymer. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclodextrin polymer; polymer inclusion membrane (PIM); pharmaceutical pollutant; ibuprofen; progesterone; wastewater cyclodextrin polymer; polymer inclusion membrane (PIM); pharmaceutical pollutant; ibuprofen; progesterone; wastewater
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Moulahcene, L.; Skiba, M.; Bounoure, F.; Benamor, M.; Milon, N.; Hallouard, F.; Lahiani-Skiba, M. New Polymer Inclusion Membrane Containing β-Cyclodextrin Polymer: Application for Pharmaceutical Pollutant Removal from Waste Water. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 414.

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