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Open AccessArticle

Culturally Targeted Video Improves Psychosocial Outcomes in Latina Women at Risk of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer

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Department of Oncology, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3300 Whitehaven Street, Suite 4100, Washington, DC 20007, USA
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Jess and Mildred Fisher Center for Hereditary Cancer and Clinical Genomics Research, 3300 Whitehaven Street, Suite 4100, Washington, DC 20007, USA
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Department of Social Psychology and Methodology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
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Nueva Vida, DC Office—801 N Pitt St., Suite 113, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA
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College of Health and Human Services, School of Nursing, California State University, Sacramento, CA 95819, USA
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Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics and Biomathematics, 4000 Reservoir Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA
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Cancer Prevention and Control Program, John Theurer Cancer Center, Hackensack University Medical Center, 40 Prospect Avenue, Office number 316, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA
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Capital Breast Care Center, 1000 New Jersey Ave, SE, Washington, DC 20003, USA
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Department of Health Behavior Policy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
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Massey Cancer Center, Office of Health Equity and Disparities Research, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4793; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234793
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 23 November 2019 / Published: 29 November 2019
Latina women at risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) have lower awareness, knowledge, and use of genetic counseling and testing services (GCT) than non-Latina Whites. Few interventions have been developed to reduce these disparities among at-risk Latinas. This pilot study assessed the impact of a culturally targeted narrative video developed by our team. The study included 40 Latina immigrants living in the United States who were at risk of HBOC, including affected and unaffected women. We assessed pre-post differences in psychosocial outcomes. Participants were 47.35 years old on average (SD = 9.48). Most (70%) were unaffected with cancer, had an annual income of $40,000 or less (65%), an education of High School or less (62.5%), and were uninsured (77.5%). The video significantly enhanced knowledge (p < 0.001), positive attitudes (p < 0.05), anticipatory positive emotions (p < 0.05), and intentions to participate in counseling (p < 0.001). Importantly, the video also significantly reduced negative attitudes (p < 0.05), and attitudinal ambivalence (p < 0.001). The culturally targeted video shows preliminary evidence in improving psychosocial outcomes related to GCT uptake in Latinas at risk for HBOC. This intervention is a promising easily-disseminable strategy to address disparities in GCT utilization. View Full-Text
Keywords: hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; Latinos; disparities; intervention hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; Latinos; disparities; intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Hurtado-de-Mendoza, A.; Graves, K.D.; Gómez-Trillos, S.; Carrera, P.; Campos, C.; Anderson, L.; Luta, G.; Peshkin, B.N.; Schwartz, M.D.; Cupertino, A.-P.; Gonzalez, N.; Sheppard, V.B. Culturally Targeted Video Improves Psychosocial Outcomes in Latina Women at Risk of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4793.

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