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Open AccessArticle

Public Awareness of Tuberculosis in Southeast China: A Population-Based Study

1
School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
Department of Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Zhejiang provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou 310051, China
3
School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
4
Key Laboratory of Vaccine, Prevention and Control of Infectious Disease of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310051, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4290; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214290
Received: 11 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
Few provinces in China have recently conducted population-based surveys on tuberculosis (TB) awareness at the provincial level. Hence, we conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study to evaluate the level of awareness of TB knowledge among residents of Zhejiang Province, China from October 2018 to December 2018. A total of 7174 individuals were randomly selected to participate in this survey. The rate of awareness of key information on TB was found to be 48.0%. The study’s participants exhibited a good understanding of the transmission route (80.8%), curable outcome (78.3%), and designated treatment sites (67.0%) of TB. The rate of awareness of suspicious TB symptoms (36.1%) and the relief policy on diagnosis and first-line therapeutic drugs (38.0%) were found to be relatively low among the respondents. People living in rural areas, those who were less educated, and students all showed a low level of awareness of key knowledge about TB. In conclusion, residents in Zhejiang Province generally lacked key information about TB, which is not conducive to the early detection and treatment of TB. Corresponding efforts should be made for different groups of people to achieve favorable effects on the prevention and control of TB. View Full-Text
Keywords: tuberculosis (TB); public awareness; TB control; public health tuberculosis (TB); public awareness; TB control; public health
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Chen, X.; Wang, W.; Wang, X.; Chai, C.; Liu, K.; Peng, Y.; Wang, F.; Chen, B.; Jiang, J. Public Awareness of Tuberculosis in Southeast China: A Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4290.

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