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Open AccessArticle

Active or Passive Commuter? Discrepancies in Cut-off Criteria among Adolescents

1
CAPAS-City (Centre for the Promotion of PA and Health), University of Zaragoza, 22001 Huesca, Spain
2
Faculty of Human Sciences and Education, University of Zaragoza, 22003 Huesca, Spain
3
Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Huesca, 22001 Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3796; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203796
Received: 3 September 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 2 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health)
Active commuting to school has health implications for young people. Previous research has shown the need to consistently define the concept of “active commuter”, given that assessment as well as comparison between studies may be hindered by current discrepancies in frequency criteria. Using a sample of 158 Spanish students (12th–13th grade, 60.8% girls), the current study aimed to compare several cut-off criteria to rigorously identify the frequency of weekly active trips to school in order to categorize adolescents as active or passive commuters, and to analyze whether the threshold living distance to school is associated with the different trip cut-off criteria. Percentages of active commuters ranged from 75% to 88.6%, varying significantly depending on the cut-off criteria (5–10 active trips/week) used. The results also support the need to be stricter in the selection of a cut-off criterion when the distance to the school becomes shorter. Our findings highlight the importance of following a standard criterion to classify individuals as active or passive commuters, considering the characteristics of the context in which each study is conducted. View Full-Text
Keywords: active commuting; adolescents; cut-off criteria; distance active commuting; adolescents; cut-off criteria; distance
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Zaragoza, J.; Corral, A.; Estrada, S.; Abós, Á.; Aibar, A. Active or Passive Commuter? Discrepancies in Cut-off Criteria among Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3796.

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