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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(2), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020269

Effects of Aircraft Noise Exposure on Heart Rate during Sleep in the Population Living Near Airports

1
Université Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1, IFSTTAR, UMRESTTE, UMR T_9405, F-69675 Bron, France
2
Université Paris Descartes, APHP, Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, Centre du Sommeil et de la Vigilance et EA 7330 VIFASOM, 75004 Paris, France
3
Bruitparif, the Center for Technical Assessment of the Noise Environment in the Île-de-France Region of France, 93200 Saint-Denis, France
4
IFSTTAR, Transport, Health and Safety Department, F-69675 Bron, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 11 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 18 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noise and Sleep)
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Abstract

Background Noise in the vicinity of airports is a public health problem. Many laboratory studies have shown that heart rate is altered during sleep after exposure to road or railway noise. Fewer studies have looked at the effects of exposure to aircraft noise on heart rate during sleep in populations living near airports. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the sound pressure level (SPL) of aircraft noise and heart rate during sleep in populations living near airports in France. Methods In total, 92 people living near the Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Toulouse-Blagnac airports participated in this study. Heart rate was recorded every 15 s during one night, using an Actiheart monitor, with simultaneous measurements of SPL of aircraft noise inside the participants’ bedrooms. Energy and event-related indicators were then estimated. Mixed linear regression models were applied, taking into account potential confounding factors, to investigate the relationship between energy indicators and heart rate during sleep measured every 15 s. Event-related analyses were also carried out in order to study the effects of an acoustic event associated with aircraft noise on heart rate during sleep. Results The more the SPL from all sources (LAeq,15s) and the SPL exceeded for 90% of the measurement period (LA90,15s) increased, the more heart rate also increased. No significant associations were observed between the maximum 1-s equivalent SPL associated with aircraft overflight (LAmax,1s) and differences between the heart rate recorded during or 15 or 30 s after an aircraft noise event and that recorded before the event. On the other hand, a positive and significant association was found between LAmax,1s and the heart rate amplitude calculated during an aircraft noise event. Results were unchanged when analyses were limited to participants who had lived more than five years in their present dwelling. Conclusion Our study shows that exposure to the maximum SPL linked to aircraft overflight affect the heart rate during sleep of residents near airports. However, further studies on a larger number of participants over several nights are needed to confirm these results. View Full-Text
Keywords: aircraft noise; sleep; heart rate; cross-sectional study aircraft noise; sleep; heart rate; cross-sectional study
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Nassur, A.-M.; Léger, D.; Lefèvre, M.; Elbaz, M.; Mietlicki, F.; Nguyen, P.; Ribeiro, C.; Sineau, M.; Laumon, B.; Evrard, A.-S. Effects of Aircraft Noise Exposure on Heart Rate during Sleep in the Population Living Near Airports. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 269.

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