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Open AccessArticle

The Contribution of Sustainable Tourism to Economic Growth and Employment in Pakistan

1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Management, School of Management, ZhejiangUniversity, Hangzhou 310029, China
2
School of Public Affairs, Zijingang Campus, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3
School of Management, Zhejiang University Hangzhou 310029, China
4
Department of Economics, Hazara University Mansehra, 21120, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(19), 3785; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193785
Received: 8 September 2019 / Revised: 3 October 2019 / Accepted: 4 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tourism and Health)
In the global economy, tourism is one of the most noticeable and growing sectors. This
sector plays an important role in boosting a nation’s economy. An increase in tourism flow can
bring positive economic outcomes to the nations, especially in gross domestic product (GDP) and
employment opportunities. In South Asian countries, the tourism industry is an engine of
economic development and GDP growth. This study investigates the impact of tourism on
Pakistan’s economic growth and employment. The period under study was from 1990 to 2015. To
check whether the variables under study were stationary, augmented Dickey–Fuller and
Phillips–Perron unit root tests were applied. A regression technique and Johansen cointegration
approach were employed for the analysis of data. The key finding of this study shows that there is
a positive and significant impact of tourism on Pakistan’s economic growth as well as employment
sector and there is also a long‐run relationship among the variables under study. This study
suggests that legislators should focus on the policies with special emphasis on the promotion of
tourism due to its great potential throughout the country. Policy implications of this recent study
and future research suggestions are also mentioned. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism; economic growth; employment; gross domestic product; Pakistan sustainable tourism; economic growth; employment; gross domestic product; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manzoor, F.; Wei, L.; Asif, M.; Haq, M.Z.; Rehman, H. The Contribution of Sustainable Tourism to Economic Growth and Employment in Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3785.

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