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Open AccessArticle

Role of Parenting Styles in Adolescent Substance Use Cessation: Results from a Brazilian Prospective Study

1
Graduate Program in Health Science, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre-UFCSPA, Rua Sarmento Leite, 245, Porto Alegre 90050-170, Brazil
2
Department of Psychology in Lutheran, University of Brazil, ULBRA, Gravataí 94170-240, Brazil
3
Laboratory of Neuropsychopharmacology, Department of Pharmacosciences, Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre-UFCSPA. Rua Sarmento Leite, 245, Porto Alegre 90050-170, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3432; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183432
Received: 12 June 2019 / Revised: 4 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 16 September 2019
Background: This study aims to identify the association between parenting styles and behavioral changes among adolescents regarding the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, cocaine/crack. Methods: A group of ninety-nine adolescents (39 girls and 60 boys), aged 14 to 19 years (17.05 ± 1.51), who called in to a call center that provides counseling to substance users, was followed-up for 30 days. Data collection occurred between March 2009 and October 2015. The adolescents answered questions regarding parental responsiveness and demanding nature on a scale to assess parental styles and provided sociodemographic data, substance abuse consumption characteristics, and the Contemplation Ladder scale score. Results: The parental styles most reported by the adolescents were authoritative (30%) and indulgent (28%). Children who perceived their mothers as having an indulgent style and who had absent fathers presented more difficulties in making behavioral changes to avoid alcohol and cocaine/crack consumption. Conclusion: The study found that parent-child relationships were associated with a lack of change in the adolescent regarding substance use behavior, particularly the consumption of alcohol and cocaine/crack. View Full-Text
Keywords: parental styles; teenagers; substance-related disorders parental styles; teenagers; substance-related disorders
MDPI and ACS Style

Benchaya, M.C.; Moreira, T.C.; Constant, H.M.R.M.; Pereira, N.M.; Freese, L.; Ferigolo, M.; Barros, H.M.T. Role of Parenting Styles in Adolescent Substance Use Cessation: Results from a Brazilian Prospective Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3432.

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