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Article

Role of Knowledge, Sociodemographic, and Behavioral Factors on Lifetime HIV Testing among Adult Population in Nepal: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional National Survey

by 1,2 and 2,3,*
1
Department of Community Medicine, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara 33700, Nepal
2
Yonsei Global Health Center, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-Do 26493, Korea
3
Department of Health Administration, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Wonju, Gangwon-Do 26493, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3311; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183311
Received: 6 July 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Promotion for Sexual Health and Prevention of HIV)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is important to HIV prevention, treatment, and care. We aimed to assess the role of sociodemographic, behavioral factors and HIV knowledge on HIV testing among people aged 15–49 years in Nepal. The 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey data was used for secondary data analysis. Herein, 9843 women and 3017 men who had experienced coitus were included. The respondents were asked if they underwent HIV testing and received the test results in their lifetime. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were applied at 5% level of significance. Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were computed separately for women and men. Of the total, 18.0% of men and 7.4% of women had been tested for HIV in their lifetime. As compared to the age of 15 to 24 years, males aged 25 to 29 years were more likely to report, whereas females aged 35 to 49 years were less likely to report HIV testing. Lower caste groups had more likelihood of reporting HIV testing than the other caste in both sexes. The odds of being tested for HIV were significantly higher among those who had higher education in both sexes. There was significant positive association between HIV testing and economic status in males whereas this association was reverse among females. The male respondents who spent more than one month away from home in the last 12 months were 1.68 times more likely to have been tested for HIV in their lifetime. Having multiple sexual partners was associated with higher odds of testing for HIV in both sexes. Having comprehensive HIV knowledge was independently associated with the reporting of higher odds of HIV testing in females. Promotion of HIV testing should consider sociodemographic factors, sexual behavior, and imparting comprehensive HIV knowledge. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV testing; sexual partner; mobility; HIV knowledge; demographic health survey; Nepal HIV testing; sexual partner; mobility; HIV knowledge; demographic health survey; Nepal
MDPI and ACS Style

Sharma, B.; Nam, E.W. Role of Knowledge, Sociodemographic, and Behavioral Factors on Lifetime HIV Testing among Adult Population in Nepal: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional National Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183311

AMA Style

Sharma B, Nam EW. Role of Knowledge, Sociodemographic, and Behavioral Factors on Lifetime HIV Testing among Adult Population in Nepal: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional National Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183311

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sharma, Bimala, and Eun Woo Nam. 2019. "Role of Knowledge, Sociodemographic, and Behavioral Factors on Lifetime HIV Testing among Adult Population in Nepal: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional National Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3311. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183311

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