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Open AccessArticle

Shifting from “Community-Placed” to “Community-Based” Research to Advance Health Equity: A Case Study of the Heatwaves, Housing, and Health: Increasing Climate Resiliency in Detroit (HHH) Partnership

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School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Friends of Parkside, Detroit, MI 48213, USA
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Southwest Detroit Environmental Vision, Detroit, MI 48209, USA
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Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Jefferson East Inc., Detroit, MI 48207, USA
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College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Taubman College of Architecture and Planning, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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School for Environment & Sustainability, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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EcoWorks, Detroit, MI 48219, USA
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Detroiters Working for Environmental Justice, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3310; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183310
Received: 10 May 2019 / Revised: 29 August 2019 / Accepted: 4 September 2019 / Published: 9 September 2019
Extreme summertime heat is a significant public health threat that disproportionately impacts vulnerable urban populations. Research on health impacts of climate change (including increasing intensity, duration, and frequency of hot weather) is sometimes designed and implemented without the involvement of the communities being studied, i.e., “community-placed” not “community-based.” We describe how the Heatwaves, Housing, and Health: Increasing Climate Resiliency in Detroit (HHH) partnership engaged relevant communities by integrating a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach into an existing, academic-designed research project through a steering committee of community and academic partners. Using a case study approach, we analyze program documentation, partnership evaluation questionnaires, and HHH steering committee meeting notes. We describe the CBPR process by which we successfully collected research data in Detroit during summer 2016, engaged in collaborative analysis of data, and shared results with Detroit residents. Evaluations of the partnership over 2 years show community involvement in research; enhanced capacities; success in securing new grant funding; and ways that CBPR strengthened the validity, relevance, and translation of research. Engaging communities as equal partners using CBPR, even after a study is underway, can strengthen research to understand and address the impacts of extreme heat on health and equity in urban communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based participatory research; extreme heat; climate change; health equity community-based participatory research; extreme heat; climate change; health equity
MDPI and ACS Style

Ziegler, T.B.; Coombe, C.M.; Rowe, Z.E.; Clark, S.J.; Gronlund, C.J.; Lee, M.; Palacios, A.; Larsen, L.S.; Reames, T.G.; Schott, J.; Williams, G.O.; O’Neill, M.S. Shifting from “Community-Placed” to “Community-Based” Research to Advance Health Equity: A Case Study of the Heatwaves, Housing, and Health: Increasing Climate Resiliency in Detroit (HHH) Partnership. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3310.

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