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Open AccessArticle

Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Air Quality across Weifang from 2014–2018

Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing 100830, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3122; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173122
Received: 23 July 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 23 August 2019 / Published: 27 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Environmental Quality)
Air pollution has become a severe threat and challenge in China. Focusing on air quality in a heavily polluted city (Weifang Cty), this study aims to investigate spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of air pollution and identify the influence of weather factors on primary pollutants in Weifang over a long period from 2014–2018. The results indicate the annual Air quality Index (AQI) in Weifang has decreased since 2014 but is still far from the standard for excellent air quality. The primary pollutants are O3 (Ozone), PM10 (Particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 µm), and PM2.5 (Particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 µm); the annual concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 show a significant reduction but that of O3 is basically unchanged. Seasonally, PM10 and PM2.5 show a U-shaped pattern, while O3 exhibits inverted U-shaped variations, and different pollutants also present different characteristics daily. Spatially, O3 exhibits a high level in the central region and a low level in the rural areas, while PM10 and PM2.5 are high in the northwest and low in the southeast. Additionally, the concentration of pollutants is greatly affected by meteorological factors, with PM2.5 being negatively correlated with temperature and wind speed, while O3 is positively correlated with the temperature. This research investigated the spatiotemporal characteristics of the air pollution and provided important policy advice based on the findings, which can be used to mitigate air pollution. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality index; primary pollutants; temporal characteristics; spatial characteristics; Weifang air quality index; primary pollutants; temporal characteristics; spatial characteristics; Weifang
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Li, C.; Dai, Z.; Yang, L.; Ma, Z. Spatiotemporal Characteristics of Air Quality across Weifang from 2014–2018. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3122.

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