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Open AccessArticle

The Evaluation of IDEAL-REACH Program to Improve Nutrition among Asian American Community Members in the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area

1
Center for Asian Health, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
2
Department of Clinical Sciences, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA
3
Department of Health Studies, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, PA 18301, USA
4
Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, NCCDPHP, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
5
ICF International, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
6
Department of Behavioral and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3054; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173054
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 18 August 2019 / Published: 23 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minority Health Issues and Health Disparities)
Objective Asian Americans’ food purchasing, cooking, and eating patterns are not well understood. Greater insight into these behaviors is urgently needed to guide public health interventions of dietary behaviors in this population. The present study aims to examine the effects of a community-level intervention on food purchasing and preparation, nutrition knowledge, and health awareness in Asian Americans. Methods From 2015 to 2017, we conducted the Improving Diets with an Ecological Approach for Lifestyle (IDEAL-REACH) intervention to increase access to healthy food or beverage options for the Asian-American population in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. Participants (1110 at pre- and 1098 at post-assessment) were recruited from 31 community-based organizations (CBOs). We assessed Asian Americans’ dietary behaviors, nutrition knowledge, and awareness of heart health. Results The results of pre-post intervention comparisons showed that the IDEAL-REACH intervention was successful in promoting whole grains consumption, reducing sodium consumption, and raising knowledge and awareness related to nutrition and heart health. Conclusions To our knowledge, this is one of the first initiatives in the U.S. to engage CBOs to promote healthier dietary behaviors. The findings show that CBOs serve as a powerful platform for community-level interventions to improve healthy nutrition behaviors in Asian-American communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: community intervention; Asian American; nutrition; health disease prevention community intervention; Asian American; nutrition; health disease prevention
MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, G.X.; Zhu, L.; Shive, S.E.; Zhang, G.; Senter, Y.R.; Topete, P.; Seals, B.; Zhai, S.; Wang, M.; Tan, Y. The Evaluation of IDEAL-REACH Program to Improve Nutrition among Asian American Community Members in the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3054.

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