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Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Active and Non-Active Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Comparative Study

1
Faculty of Psychology, Education and Sport Science-Blanquerna, University Ramon Llull, 34 Císter Street, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
2
Faculty of Health Sciences Blanquerna, University Ramon Llull, 326-332 Padilla Street, 08025 Barcelona, Spain
3
Department of Health Sciences and Human Performance, College of Natural and Health Sciences, The University of Tampa, Tampa, FL 33606, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1761; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101761 (registering DOI)
Received: 11 April 2019 / Revised: 6 May 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 18 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disabilities, Health and Well-being)
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Abstract

This study describes and compares physical activity (PA) levels and sedentary time (ST) of active (AG) and a non-active (NAG) groups of adults with intellectual disability (ID) versus a group of adults without ID. Thirty-seven participants from the AG, 29 from the NAG, and 31 adults without ID participated in this study. Height and weight were obtained to calculate body mass index (BMI). PA levels and ST were assessed with GT3X Actigraph accelerometers for 7 days. Results revealed that the AG engaged in higher values of moderate to vigorous PA compared with the NAG (all p < 0.05), but were similar to adults without ID. Adults without ID performed less ST and more light PA than the ID groups (all p < 0.05). The participants of the AG did not demonstrate less ST than the NAG. It is concerning that adults with ID (AG or NAG) are spending a higher time in ST and less time in light PA than adults without ID. Our results suggest that integrated, well-designed PA programmes into the ID population workdays can lead to increased PA levels. Nevertheless, these interventions and exercise programmes implemented for adults with ID should be tailored to also reduce ST. View Full-Text
Keywords: intellectual disability; adults; physical activity; sedentary lifestyle; accelerometer intellectual disability; adults; physical activity; sedentary lifestyle; accelerometer
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Oviedo, G.R.; Tamulevicius, N.; Guerra-Balic, M. Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Active and Non-Active Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Comparative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1761.

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