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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 153; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010153

Use of a Modified DANP-mV Model to Improve Quality of Life in Rural Residents: The Empirical Case of Xingshisi Village, China

1
Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, 92 West Dazhi Street, Nan Gang District, Harbin 150006, China
2
Graduate Institute of Urban Planning, College of Public Affairs, National Taipei University, 151, University Rd., San Shia District, New Taipei City 23741, Taiwan
3
Faculty of Humanities and Arts, Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long, Taipa 999078, Macau, China
4
Department of Tourism Management, Tourism School, Sanming University, 25, Jingdong Rd., Sanyuan District, Sanming 365004, China
5
National Park Center, Sanming University, 25, Jingdong Rd., Sanyuan District, Sanming 365004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 September 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 3 January 2019 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Health Care)
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Abstract

Climate change-related anomalies have increased public concern regarding environmental protection. This has opened newer rural development avenues. In this regard, livability of villages is crucial; it can be evaluated based on the villagers’ quality of life (QoL). The WHOQOL-BREF, a comprehensive cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary scale proposed by the World Health Organization to assess QoL, has aided in assessing and improving QoL in different regions. However, the factors of this instrument are mutually influential, necessitating an improvement strategy considering the entire system. This problem may be resolved using the DANP-mV model. However, the traditional DANP-mV model includes many items and responding to all of them is difficult for experts. Therefore, by using the case of Xingshisi Village in China, this study proposed a modified DANP-mV model to provide additional suggestions for systematic improvement of the QoL and livability in the village. Xingshisi is a model village built according to an aspirational benchmark; however, different from the traditional definition of a benchmark, this village exhibits room for improvement. Although the modified model reduces the number of questions from 650 to 168, its effect remains similar to that of the traditional model. Moreover, in the modified model, physical capacity (D1) presented the largest dimensional gap. The interaction among the factors indicated that considering the effect of the environment (D4) and developing a systematic improvement strategy are necessary to improve the livability of villages facing limited resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: village livability; quality of life; WHOQOL-BREF; DANP-mV model; aspiration level; benchmark village livability; quality of life; WHOQOL-BREF; DANP-mV model; aspiration level; benchmark
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Qu, G.-B.; Zhao, T.-Y.; Zhu, B.-W.; Tzeng, G.-H.; Huang, S.-L. Use of a Modified DANP-mV Model to Improve Quality of Life in Rural Residents: The Empirical Case of Xingshisi Village, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 153.

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