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Open AccessArticle

Physical Activity in Older Mexican Americans Living in Two Cities on the U.S.-Mexico Border

1
Department of Family Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso, El Paso, TX 79905, USA
2
Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de Mexico 06600, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1820; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091820
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 21 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effect of Sport Activity on Health Promotion)
Background: There is limited information on physical activity in marginalized older populations like that on the U.S.-Mexico border. This study aims to understand physical activity engagement among older Hispanics residing in two U.S.-Mexico Border counties. Methods: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure physical activity in El Paso and Cameron County, Texas. Physical activity levels were reported for vigorous, moderate, and walking met/mins. Adjusted and unadjusted modeling was conducted to determine county differences and sociodemographic covariates. Results: There were 784 participants and 92.9% were less than 65 years of age. El Paso participants reported a significantly greater natural log met/mins of vigorous (β = 1.34, p = 0.000) and walking (β = 0.331, p = 0.006). Significant sociodemographic covariates in El Paso for vigorous met/mins were gender (females β = −1.20, p = 0.003), having a regular doctor (β = −0.779, p = 0.029), and acculturation (β = 0.513, p = 0.019). Significant associations in Cameron County were having a regular doctor (β = −1.03, p = 0.000) and fair/poor health status (β = −0.475, p = 0.001). Conclusion: Level of physical activity may differ in older Hispanics by urban context on the U.S.-Mexico border. Future physical activity programs to promote physical activity should take context into consideration. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; Hispanics; context physical activity; Hispanics; context
MDPI and ACS Style

Vasquez, G.; Salinas, J.; Molokwu, J.; Shokar, G.; Flores-Luevano, S.; Alomari, A.; Shokar, N.K. Physical Activity in Older Mexican Americans Living in Two Cities on the U.S.-Mexico Border. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1820.

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