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The DPSIR Model for Environmental Risk Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania

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School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
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Department of Geography, Open University of Tanzania, Box 23409, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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Key Laboratory for Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education, Changchun 130024, China
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GIS Laboratory, School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1692; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081692
Received: 3 June 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 8 August 2018
Environmental risk has become an area of major concern and research, drawing special attention. This study on the environmental risk assessment (ERA) of Dar es Salaam Municipal Solid Waste comes at a time when the Government of Tanzania is becoming increasingly concerned about dealing with high levels of pollution from municipal solid waste (MSW). The paper employed the Driving force-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) model to establish an environmental risk indicator system and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to calculate and analyze risk values, based on the actual situation of MSW in the city of Dar es Salaam. It lists several measures that have been taken in response to the current significantly high levels of pollution, which have assisted in maintaining the environmental risk index (ERI) at a medium level (0.4–0.6) during the period from 2006–2017. However, these measures have not been adequate enough to manage the external pressure. The ERI has been increasing gradually, calling for timely formulation of demand-specific waste management policies to reduce the possibility of reaching the critical point in near future. With the use of the DPSIR model for ERA, this study has become highly valuable, providing empirical justification to reduce environmental risk from MSW, which is one of the main sources of environmental pollution in the urban areas of developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal solid waste; risk assessment; analytical hierarchy process; human health; Dar es Salaam city; urban environment; DPSIR model municipal solid waste; risk assessment; analytical hierarchy process; human health; Dar es Salaam city; urban environment; DPSIR model
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Kazuva, E.; Zhang, J.; Tong, Z.; Si, A.; Na, L. The DPSIR Model for Environmental Risk Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1692.

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