Next Article in Journal
The Rapid Degradation of Lambda-Cyhalothrin Makes Treated Vegetables Relatively Safe for Consumption
Next Article in Special Issue
Poor Dietary Habits in Bullied Adolescents: The Moderating Effects of Diet on Depression
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of the Relationship between the Referral and Evolution of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Previous Article in Special Issue
Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Depression and Anxiety Prevention for Adolescents with a High Familial Risk
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1535;

The Problem with Low-Prevalence of Bullying

School of Education, University of Iceland, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland
School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri, IS-600 Akureyri, Iceland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 June 2018 / Revised: 7 July 2018 / Accepted: 10 July 2018 / Published: 20 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress, Coping, and Resilience in Adolescents)
Full-Text   |   PDF [510 KB, uploaded 20 July 2018]   |  


This paper tests the hypothesis of whether being bullied in an environment where bullying is infrequent decreases adolescents’ life satisfaction. Analyses were based on the international standard questionnaire from the 2005/2006 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (HBSC). The sample included answers from 183,736 children in 35 Western, industrialized countries. Our results show that the negative effects of being bullied on the life satisfaction of individuals are stronger in schools and countries where bullying is less frequent. We therefore conclude that the prevalence of bullying in the students’ surroundings may act as a mediating variable explaining the relationship between bullying and life satisfaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; bullying; life satisfaction; adolescents stress; bullying; life satisfaction; adolescents

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Arnarsson, A.; Bjarnason, T. The Problem with Low-Prevalence of Bullying. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1535.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top