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Open AccessArticle

Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Depression and Anxiety Prevention for Adolescents with a High Familial Risk

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Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, GGZ Oost Brabant, P.O. Box 3, 5427 ZG Boekel, The Netherlands
2
Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
4
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
5
Praktikon, P.O. Box 6909, 6503 GK Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1457; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071457
Received: 14 June 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress, Coping, and Resilience in Adolescents)
A randomized controlled trail was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a depression and anxiety prevention program ‘Een Sprong Vooruit’ (A Leap Forward) among adolescent girls with a high familial risk (N = 142). The results showed neither effects of the prevention program directly after the intervention, nor at 6 or 12 months follow-up on depression and anxiety symptoms. Further, latent growth curve modeling (LGCM) was used to examine whether the growth functions for the intervention and the control condition were different. The slope representing the change in depression symptoms was not significantly different between the intervention and the control condition. For anxiety symptoms, the difference between slopes was also not significant. Based on these results, we suggested that these high-risk adolescent girls might benefit more from a more intensive prevention program. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; anxiety; adolescents; prevention; parental psychopathology; randomized controlled trial depression; anxiety; adolescents; prevention; parental psychopathology; randomized controlled trial
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Rasing, S.P.A.; Creemers, D.H.M.; Vermulst, A.A.; Janssens, J.M.A.M.; Engels, R.C.M.E.; Scholte, R.H.J. Outcomes of a Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Depression and Anxiety Prevention for Adolescents with a High Familial Risk. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1457.

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