Reloading Pupils’ Batteries: Impact of Green Spaces on Cognition and Wellbeing
AbstractCognitive functioning and academic performance of pupils depend on regular breaks from classroom work. However, it is unclear which settings during such breaks provide the best environment to restore cognitive performance and promote wellbeing of adolescent pupils. Therefore, we investigated the effects of staying in different urban green spaces during breaks. Sixty-four pupils (16–18 years old) participated in a cross-over experiment. They were placed into one of three settings (small park, larger park, forest) for one hour during a lunch break. Wellbeing was assessed four times (Nitsch scale), and a cognitive test (d2-R Test of Attention) was applied in the classrooms before and after the break. Wellbeing was almost always highest after the stay in the green spaces. However, a sustained effect was only found for the forest. Concentration performance values of the d2-R test were significantly higher after the pupils’ stay in green spaces for all sites. The highest increase of performance was found for the larger park type. In conclusion, this pilot study showed that study breaks in green spaces improved wellbeing and cognitive performance of adolescents. It also found that larger green spaces, either parks or forests, have stronger positive impacts on wellbeing and cognitive performance than small parks. View Full-Text
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Wallner, P.; Kundi, M.; Arnberger, A.; Eder, R.; Allex, B.; Weitensfelder, L.; Hutter, H.-P. Reloading Pupils’ Batteries: Impact of Green Spaces on Cognition and Wellbeing. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1205.
Wallner P, Kundi M, Arnberger A, Eder R, Allex B, Weitensfelder L, Hutter H-P. Reloading Pupils’ Batteries: Impact of Green Spaces on Cognition and Wellbeing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1205.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wallner, Peter; Kundi, Michael; Arnberger, Arne; Eder, Renate; Allex, Brigitte; Weitensfelder, Lisbeth; Hutter, Hans-Peter. 2018. "Reloading Pupils’ Batteries: Impact of Green Spaces on Cognition and Wellbeing." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 6: 1205.
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