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Open AccessArticle

Characterizing the Interaction between Antibiotics and Humic Acid by Fluorescence Quenching Method

Key Laboratory of Subsurface Hydrology and Ecological Effects in Arid Region, Ministry of Education, Chang’an University, Xi’an 710054, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1458; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071458
Received: 5 June 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remediation and Analysis of Soil, Air, and Water Pollution)
The method of Three-Dimensional Excitation Emission Matrix Fluorescence Spectrophotometer was used to identify the interaction mechanism between humic acid (HA) and antibiotics. The effects of antibiotic concentration, temperature, and pH on the bonding strength between HA and antibiotics were investigated. The results showed that with the increase of antibiotics concentration, the quenching effect on HA was enhanced. The quenching of HA by both oxytetracycline (OTC) and sulfadiazine (SD) is a single static quenching of the complexes, and the interaction forces are mainly a hydrogen bond and the van der Waals force. The quenching constant KsvOTC > KsvSD and the binding constant KbOTC > KbSD, indicates that HA has a more obvious quenching effect on OTC. The Kb of HA by OTC ranged from 3.223 × 103 to 12.784 × 103 L·mol−1 in the range of 298 K to 313 K, while the Kb of HA by SD ranged from 2.051 × 103 to 5.533 × 103 L·mol−1. With the increase of temperature, the quenching constant Ksv and binding constant Kb of both OTC and SD by HA gradually decrease, and the low temperature is beneficial to the interaction. The composite of OTC and HA is more stable than SD. Under neutral alkaline conditions, both OTC and SD had the strongest quenching effect on HA, and the resulting complex was the most stable. However, the Ksv and Kb of HA by OTC were greater than SD in the pH range of the experiment and the pH effect on quenching of HA by OTC (Ksv) was greater than that of SD. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotic; humic acid; interaction; binding constant; fluorescence quenching antibiotic; humic acid; interaction; binding constant; fluorescence quenching
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Wang, R.; Yang, S.; Fang, J.; Wang, Z.; Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Yang, C. Characterizing the Interaction between Antibiotics and Humic Acid by Fluorescence Quenching Method. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1458.

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