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Article

Reducing Food Poverty and Vulnerability among the Rural Elderly with Chronic Diseases: The Role of the New Rural Pension Scheme in China

1
College of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, China
3
Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, San Diego, CA 92123, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1253; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061253
Received: 22 April 2018 / Revised: 27 May 2018 / Accepted: 10 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Poverty, Inequality and Public Health in China)
Vulnerability to food poverty is the probability of an individual falling below the food poverty line in the near future, which provides a forward-looking welfare analysis. Applying a nationally representative survey dataset, this study investigates the role of the New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS) in reducing food poverty and vulnerability among the rural elderly with chronic diseases. By designing province-specific food poverty lines to account for variations in the elderly’s needs, as well as the prices across provinces using a least-cost linear programming approach, the food poverty incidences among the elderly with chronic diseases are calculated. Applying a three-stage feasible generalized least squares (FGLS) procedure, the vulnerability to food poverty is estimated. Our results show that food poverty incidence and vulnerability of the elderly with chronic diseases in rural China is 41.9% and 35% respectively, which is 8% and 6% higher, respectively, than the elderly that are in good health. To address the potential endogeneity of pension payment, a fuzzy regression discontinuity (RD) regression is employed to investigate the effects of pension income on food poverty and vulnerability for different population groups. We found that pension income decreases the probability of being food poor and the vulnerability to food poverty among the elderly with chronic diseases by 12.9% and 16.8% respectively, while it has no significant effect on the elderly in good health. View Full-Text
Keywords: New Rural Pension Scheme; food poverty; vulnerability; chronic diseases; elderly New Rural Pension Scheme; food poverty; vulnerability; chronic diseases; elderly
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Z.; Luo, Y.; Robinson, D. Reducing Food Poverty and Vulnerability among the Rural Elderly with Chronic Diseases: The Role of the New Rural Pension Scheme in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061253

AMA Style

Zhang Z, Luo Y, Robinson D. Reducing Food Poverty and Vulnerability among the Rural Elderly with Chronic Diseases: The Role of the New Rural Pension Scheme in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(6):1253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Zhaohua, Yuxi Luo, and Derrick Robinson. 2018. "Reducing Food Poverty and Vulnerability among the Rural Elderly with Chronic Diseases: The Role of the New Rural Pension Scheme in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 6: 1253. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061253

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