Next Article in Journal
Effect of Time and Mixing in Thermal Pretreatment on Faecal Indicator Bacteria Inactivation
Next Article in Special Issue
Factors Associated with Maternal Worry about Her Young Child Exhibiting Choosy Feeding Behaviour
Previous Article in Journal
Measuring the Impacts of Water Safety Plans in the Asia-Pacific Region
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Stability and Continuity of Maternally Reported and Observed Child Eating Behaviours and Feeding Practices across Early Childhood
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Poverty, Weight Status, and Dietary Intake among UK Adolescents

Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk L39 4QP, UK
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1224; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061224
Received: 15 May 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 June 2018 / Published: 10 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating and Exercise in Children and Adolescents)
The aims of this study were to (1) determine whether an income gradient to overweight and obesity exists in UK adolescents, and (2) examine associations between poverty, weight status, and dietary intake among adolescent girls and boys. Data is from wave six of the UK Millennium Cohort Study. Adolescent height and weight were measured. Body mass index was calculated (kg/m2) and used to classify overweight and obesity. Family income and poverty were determined using equivalised household income. Adjusted logistic and multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted. Ten thousand seven hundred thirty-six adolescents (5425 boys) had complete data. Adolescents in the lowest income group were at greatest risk of overweight and obesity. Adolescents living in poverty were more likely to be overweight and obese, and reported more frequent consumption of sweetened drinks and fast food and less frequent consumption of fruits and vegetables (p < 0.001). The magnitude of poverty differences in weight status and dietary intake were greatest among girls. This study evidences a strong income gradient to overweight and obesity among UK adolescents. The findings of this study encourage researchers and policy makers to be equally mindful of the social determinants of health when advocating adolescent behavioural dietary interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; body mass index; obesity; dietary intake; poverty adolescent; body mass index; obesity; dietary intake; poverty
MDPI and ACS Style

Noonan, R.J. Poverty, Weight Status, and Dietary Intake among UK Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1224.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop