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Occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 in Raw Milk from Manufacturers of Infant Milk Powder in China

1,3,†, 2,†, 2, 2, 1,3,* and 1,3
1
Laboratory of Quality & Safety Risk Assessment for Dairy Products of Ministry of Agriculture (Beijing), Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Livestock and Poultry Breeding, Institute of Animal Science, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China
3
Milk and Dairy Production Inspection Center of Ministry of Agriculture (Beijing), Beijing 100193, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 879; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050879
Received: 3 March 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 28 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Abstract

This survey was performed to investigate the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) contamination of raw milk from manufacturers of infant milk powder in China. A total of 1207 raw milk samples were collected overall from four seasons of 2016 in Northeast China, Northwest China, Northern China, and Central China (11 provinces and one municipality). Results showed that 56 of the 1207 raw milk samples (4.64%) were positive for AFM1, which were obtained from Heilongjiang (two samples), Gansu (one sample), Shaanxi (46 samples), Beijing (one sample), and Hunan (six samples) provinces. None of the raw milk samples from manufacturers of infant milk powder exceeded the Chinese limit (62.5 ng/L) in 2016. Only a few raw milk samples were not suitable for use in infant milk according to EU (European Union) or U.S. infant milk limits. Furthermore, based on this survey and previous studies, it is particularly important to avoid AFM1 contamination in raw milk during the winter. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin M1; raw milk; infant milk; season; China aflatoxin M1; raw milk; infant milk; season; China
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Li, S.; Min, L.; Wang, G.; Li, D.; Zheng, N.; Wang, J. Occurrence of Aflatoxin M1 in Raw Milk from Manufacturers of Infant Milk Powder in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 879.

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