Next Article in Journal
Do Working Conditions of Patients in Psychotherapeutic Consultation in the Workplace Differ from Those in Outpatient Care? Results from an Observational Study
Previous Article in Journal
Exploring the Impacts of Housing Condition on Migrants’ Mental Health in Nanxiang, Shanghai: A Structural Equation Modelling Approach
Open AccessArticle

Association between Drug Usage and Constipation in the Elderly Population of Greater Western Sydney Australia

1
School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, Sydney, NSW 2560, Australia
2
Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, Sydney, NSW 2560, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 226; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020226
Received: 22 November 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 29 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
The low socioeconomic region of Greater Western Sydney (GWS) has higher than average rates of gastrointestinal symptoms. The relationship between prescription drug usage and constipation has not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of drug use on constipation in the elderly population of GWS (NSW, Australia). A random selection of elderly residents completed a postal questionnaire for constipation and drug use (response 30.7%). Bivariate associations between constipation and number of drug use and number of drug use with constipation adverse effect were compared. For multivariate analysis multiple logistic regression was performed for constipation with the number of drugs, use of drugs with known constipation side effects, and each drug class (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC) level 4) as independent variables. The prevalence of constipation was 33.9%. There was a dose–response relationship between constipation and the number of drugs used (odds ratio 1.24, p < 0.001) and the usage of drugs with known constipation adverse effects (odds ratio 2.21, p = 0.009). These findings suggest that constipation is associated with the number of drugs used, particularly those with constipation adverse-effects, in the elderly of GWS. View Full-Text
Keywords: constipation; prescription drug; elderly; population study constipation; prescription drug; elderly; population study
MDPI and ACS Style

Fragakis, A.; Zhou, J.; Mannan, H.; Ho, V. Association between Drug Usage and Constipation in the Elderly Population of Greater Western Sydney Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 226.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop