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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2814; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122814

Maternal Education, Fertility, and Child Survival in Comoros

Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University Mafikeng Campus, Mmabatho 2735, South Africa
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Received: 9 September 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 8 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
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Abstract

Reduction in child mortality is a demographic progress of significant socioeconomic development relevance in Africa. This paper analyzed the effect of maternal education and fertility on child survival in the Islands of Comoros. The 2012 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data were used. A two-stage probit regression method was used for data analysis. The results showed that about 75% of the children’s mothers had given birth to between one and five children, while more than half did not have any form of formal education. The results of the two-stage probit regression showed that while child survival reduced significantly (p < 0.05) with the age of the heads of households, residence in the Ngazidja region, being born as twins, mother’s number of business trips, and number of marital unions, it increased with maternal education, fertility, male household headship, and the child being breastfed immediately after birth. It was concluded that efforts to enhance maternal education would reduce child mortality. It is also critical to promote child breastfeeding among women, while regional characteristics promoting differences in child mortality in Comoros Islands should be properly addressed with keen focus on the Ngazidja region. View Full-Text
Keywords: child survival; education; fertility; Comoros child survival; education; fertility; Comoros
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Oyekale, A.S.; Maselwa, T.C. Maternal Education, Fertility, and Child Survival in Comoros. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2814.

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