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Review

Risk Factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Population-Based Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
2
Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Local Health Unit, 64100 Teramo, Italy
3
Department of community Health, Local Health Unit, 64100 Teramo, Italy
4
Manager of Local Health Unit 4, 64100 Teramo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2805; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122805
Received: 26 October 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) represents an important public health problem with a prevalence between 1.3% and 12.5%. Several population-based randomized trials have evaluated ultrasound screening for AAA providing evidence of a reduction in aneurysm-related mortality in the screened population. The aim of our study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the risk factors for AAA. We conducted a systematic review of observational studies and we performed a meta-analysis that evaluated the following risk factors: gender, smoking habits, hypertension, coronary artery disease and family history of AAA. Respect to a previous a meta-analysis we added the funnel plot to examine the effect sizes estimated from individual studies as measure of their precision; sensitivity analysis to check the stability of study findings and estimate how the overall effect size would be modified by removal of one study; cumulative analysis to evaluate the trend between studies in relation to publication year. Abdominal aortic aneurysm prevalence is higher in smokers and in males. On the other hand, while diabetes is a risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases, it is not a risk factor for AAA. In addition, it is important to underline that all countries, where AAA screening was set up, had high income level and the majority belong to Western Europe (United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy, Poland, Spain and Belgium). Abdominal aortic aneurysm screening is fundamental for public health. It could avoid deaths, ruptures, and emergency surgical interventions if abdominal aortic aneurysm was diagnosed early in the population target for screening. View Full-Text
Keywords: abdominal aortic aneurysm; risk factors; observational studies; meta-analysis abdominal aortic aneurysm; risk factors; observational studies; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Altobelli, E.; Rapacchietta, L.; Profeta, V.F.; Fagnano, R. Risk Factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Population-Based Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122805

AMA Style

Altobelli E, Rapacchietta L, Profeta VF, Fagnano R. Risk Factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Population-Based Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(12):2805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122805

Chicago/Turabian Style

Altobelli, Emma, Leonardo Rapacchietta, Valerio F. Profeta, and Roberto Fagnano. 2018. "Risk Factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Population-Based Studies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 12: 2805. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122805

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